DWPR Research Projects

The Desalination and Water Purification Research Program (DWPR) funds Reclamation researchers and partners to develop more innovative, cost-effective, and technologically efficient ways to desalinate water. Other research is available under the Science and Technology Program (S&T) as well as Reclamation's list of available patent technologies.

Review Department of Interior and Bureau of Reclamation Policy.

Download the DWPR Final Report Template.


Report Title Performing Agency Date Report #
Research and Laboratory Studies -Identifying Factors to Increase the Membrane Life in a Seeded Slurry Environment Carollo Engineers; Costa Mesa, CA August 2017 201
Maximizing Product Water through Brine Minimization: Innovative Recovery RO Testing and appendices Trussel Technologies; Pasadena, CA October 2017 199
Developing Anti-Wetting and Anti-Fouling Membranes for Membrane Distillation Vanderbilt University; Nashville, TN December 2016 198
Realizing Reverse Osmosis Potential for Potable Reuse: Demonstrating Enhanced Pathogen Removal Trussell Technologies, Inc.; Pasadena, CA and Water Environment & Reuse Foundation; Alexandria, VA and City of San Diego Public Utilities Water and Wastewater; San Diego, CA March 2017 196
AquaSel Technology Pilot-Scale Demonstration Menifee Desalter Eastern Municipal Water District; Perris, CA April 2016 195
Demonstration of Monovalent Selective Ion-Exchange Membranes for Desalination and Reuse Enhancement Department of Civil Engineering, New Mexico State University; Las Cruces, NM June 2017 193
Advanced Pretreatment for Nanofiltration of Brackish Surface Water: Fouling Control and Water Quality Improvements Texas A&M University; College Station, TX April 2017 192
No Report N/A N/A 190
Subsurface Seawater Intake Feasibility Screening Tool - Guidance Manual West Basin Municipal Water District; Carson, CA March 2016 188
An Energy-Efficient and Sustainable, Microbial ElectrolysisDeionization System for Salt and Organics Removal University of Tennessee - Knoxville; Knoxville, TN March 2016 187
No Report N/A N/A 185
Membrane Structural and Transport Fundamentals for Augmenting Traditional Water Supplies Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University; University Park, PA October 2015 184
Modification and Operation of a Full Solar Distillation Desalination Unit at the BGNDRF Site at Alamogordo, New Mexico, Phase II Suns River; Many, LA August 2017 183
Project Cancelled N/A N/A 182
Evaluation and Development of a New Type of Polymer-based Water Desalination Membrane Containing Uniform Molecular-sized Ion Pores Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado; Boulder, CO October 2014 180
Autonomous Low Energy Consumption Cyclic Desalination Systems The Regents of the University of California; Los Angeles, CA August 2017 179
No Report N/A N/A 177
Variable Salinity Source Water Desalination and factsheet Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO February 2014 176
No Report N/A N/A 174
Increasing Recovery of Inland Desalters by Combining EDR and SPARRO Technologies to Treat Concentrate Carollo Engineers, Inc.; Fountain Valley, CA December 2013 172
Guidelines for the Use of Stainless Steel in the Water and Desalination Industries Water Research Foundation; Denver, CO and Eastern Municipal Water District; Perris, CA and Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO 2015 171
Development and Testing of a Copper-Charged Cellulose Acetate Membrane for Biofilm Control University of Toledo; Toledo, OH December 2013 170
Design and Testing of a Pressure Regulation Subsystem for a Wave-Driven Desalination System Resolute Marine Energy, Inc.; Boston, MA January 2013 169
The Suns River Solar Still KII/Suns River; Many, LA September 2013 168
Optimization of Desalination Diffusers Using Three-Dimensional Laser-Induced Flourescence Georgia Institute of Technology; Atlanta, GA January 2014 167
No Report N/A N/A 166
Demonstration of Zero Discharge Desalination (ZDD) The University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX September 2014 165
Osmotically Assisted Desalination: A Low Energy Reverse Osmosis Hybrid Desalination System University of Southern California; Los Angeles, CA May 2017 164
Aluminum Electrocoagulation and Electroflotation Pretreatment for Microfiltration: Fouling Reduction and Improvements in Filtered Water Quality University of Houston; Houston, TX September 2014 163
The Production and Characterization of Inexpensive Renewable Hydrogel-Based Material for Water Desalination and Heavy Metal Removal Applications Department of Forest Biomaterials, North Carolina State University; Raleigh, NC April 2012 162
Static Mixing Spacers for Spiral Wound Modules Chemical Engineering, University of Toledo; Toledo, OH November 2012 161
Transport in Zwitterion- Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Membranes Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Blacksburg, VA June 2018 160
High Recovery of Silica-Saturated RO Concentrate Using a Batch Treatment Seawater RO System Department of Civil Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX March 2012 159
Two-Pass Nanofiltration
Seawater Desalination Prototype
Testing and Evaluation
Long Beach Water Department; Long Beach, CA March 2013 158
Oil and Gas Produced Water Management and Beneficial Use in the Western United States

Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO

August 2011

157
No Report N/A N/A 156

Treatment of Concentrate

Mickley & Associates; Boulder, CO May 2009 155
No Report N/A N/A 154
Subsurface System Intake Feasibility Assessment Municipal Water District of Orange County; Fountain Valley, CA September 2009 153
Results of Drilling, Construction, Development, and Testing of Dana Point Ocean Desalination Project Test Slant Well Municipal Water District of Orange County; Fountain Valley, CA January 2009 152
Research and Development for Horizontal/Angle Well Technology Municipal Water District of Orange County; Fountain Valley, CA October 2008 151
Scattergood Seawater Desalination Pilot Plant Los Angeles Department of Water and Power; Los Angeles, CA October 2008 150
Evaluation and Selection of Available Processes for a Zero-Liquid Discharge System for the Perris, California, Ground Water Basin Eastern Municipal Water District; Perris, CA April 2008 149
Halfway Wash Water Treatment Pilot Study Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO August 2006 148
Evaluation of Newly Developed Membrane Bioreactor Systems for Water Reclamation Montgomery Watson Harza; Arcadia, CA February 2009 147
Wind Power and Water Desalination Technology Integration Texas Tech University; Lubbock, TX July 2009 146
Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Wind-Power Desalination for a Community Scale Distributed Generation Application Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts; Amherst, MA July 2008 145
Barriers to Thermal Desalination in the United States Water Consultants International; Mequon, WI March 2008 144
Reduced Membrane Fouling Potential by Tailored Fluid/Structure Interaction (abstract) Heat Transfer Research, Inc.; College Station, TX May 2008 143
Characterization of Membrane Foulants in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Urbana, IL July 2009 142
Optimization of Chemical Cleaning of Organic-Fouled Reverse Osmosis Membranes Yale University; New Haven, CT August 2009 141
Use of Dendrimers to Enhance Selective Separation of Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membranes (abstract) Hydranautics; Oceanside, CA August 2009 140
Electrocoagulation Pretreatment for Microfiltration: An Innovative Combination to Enhance Water Quality and Reduce Fouling in Integrated Membrane Systems University of Houston; Houston, TX September 2007 139
Desalination Pretreatment Using Controlled-Chain PEG-Enhanced Cellulose Acetate Ultrafiltration Membranes University of Toledo; Toledo, OH July 2008 138
Pretreatment and Design Considerations for Large-Scale Seawater Facilities (abstract) Reiss Environmental, Inc; Orlando, FL February 2008 137
Membrane Technology for Recovery of Produced Water Western Environmental Management Corp. LTD; Carlsbad, NM December 2009 136
Pilot Testing of Zero Discharge Seawater Desalination - Application to Selenium Removal from irrigation Drainage (abstracts) University of South Carolina Research Foundation; Columbia, SC April 2008 135
Pilot-Scale Studies for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process (abstract) New Jersey Institute of Technology; Newark, NJ September 2009 134
Multibeneficial Use of Produced Water Through High-Pressure Membrane Treatment and Capacitive Deionization Technology Colorado School of Mines; Golden, CO September 2009 133
Systems Development for Environmental Impact Assessment of Concentrate Disposal - Development of Density Current Simulation Models, Rule Base, and Graphic User Interface Portland State University; Portland, OR December 2007 132
Riverton City Desalination of Mineralized Ground Water Pilot Project Epic Engineering; West Valley City, UT April 2009 131
WTCost II: Modeling the Capital and Operating Costs of Thermal Desalination Processes Utilizing a Recently Developed Computer Program that Evaluates Membrane Desalting, Electrodialysis, and Ion Exchange Plants I. Moch and Associates; Wilmington, DE February 2008 130
Novel Fouling Resistant Membranes for Water Purification (abstract) University of Texas at Austin; Austin, TX September 2008 129
Wind-Powered Reverse Osmosis Water Desalination for Pacific Islands and Remote Coastal Communities University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI April 2009 128
Boron Rejection by Reverse Osmosis Membranes: National Reconnaissance and Mechanism Study Georgia Institute of Technology; Atlanta, GA July 2009 127
Molecular Basis of Reverse Osmosis Membrane Biofouling: Analysis of the Membrane Adsorption Behavior of Bacterial Alginate, a Model Extracellular Substance Stanford University; Stanford, CA May 2006 126
Cost-Effective Volume Reduction of Silica-Saturated RO Concentrate (abstract) University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX February 2008 125
Surrogate Tests for Foulants in Membrane System Feed Waters Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado; Boulder, CO September 2004 124
Membrane Concentrate Disposal: Practices and Regulation Mickley & Associates; Boulder, CO April 2006 123
The Role of Riverbank Filtration in Reducing the Costs of Impaired Water Desalination Carollo Engineers, P.C.; Broomfield, CO April 2006 122
Pilot Scale Testing of Membrane Desalination System Utilizing Novel Two-Phase Cleaning Technology (abstract) Novaflux Technologies; Princeton, NJ May 2008 121
Dewvaporation Desalination 5,000 Gallon Per Day Pilot Plant L'Eau LLC; Tempe, AZ June 2008 120
Reverse Osmosis Recovery Maximization (abstract) Carollo Engineers; Fountain Valley, CA March 2008 119
Evaluation of Conventional and Membrane Pretreatment for Seawater Reverse Osmosis City of San Diego Water Department; San Diego, CA April 2005 118
Microfiltration/Reverse Osmosis Ocean Water Desalination Pilot Plant Project West Basin Municipal Water District; Fountain Valley, CA and Separation Processes, Inc.; Carlsbad, CA September 2007 117
Evaluation of Biological Treatment for Perchlorate-Impaired Water Supplies (abstract) MWH; Pasadena, CA June 2008 116
Plant-Scale Engineering Design of Membrane Processes from Bench-Scale Measurements, Version 1 University of Colorado; Boulder, CO April 2006 115
Industry Consortium Analysis of Large Diameter Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Element Diameters FilmTec Corp.; Toray Membrane America, Inc.; CH2M Hill Inc.; Hydranautics; Trisep Corp.; Metcalf and Eddy, Inc. September 2004 114
Evaluation of Desalination on Waters Under the Influence of Surface Water Runoff for Pretreatment, Water Quality, and Pathogen Removal Performance Reiss Environmental; Orlando, FL September 2007 113
Using Oil Fields for the Disposal of Concentrate from Desalination Plants: Please Pass the Salt Texas Water Development Board; Austin, TX September 2005 112
Zero-Discharge Seawater Desalination: Integrating the Production of Fresh Water, Salt, Magnesium, and Bromine University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC May 2006 111
Impact of Magnetic Fields on RO Separation University of South Florida; Tampa, FL October 2005 110
Chemical Cleaning of Organic-Fouled Reverse Osmosis Membranes Department of Chemical Engineering, Yale University; New Haven, CT February 2005 109
Volume Reduction of High-Silica RO Concentrate Using Membranes and Lime Treatment Department of Civil Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, Texas March 2004 108
An Expert System for Decision-making in the Use of Desalination for Augmenting Water Supplies (abstract) University of North Carolina; Chapel Hill, NC August 2008 107
Evaluation of Membrane Pretreatment for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Aqua Resources International; Evergreen, CO October 2007 106
Reduction of Iron Fouling in Groundwater Aerators University of Missouri; Columbia, MO January 2002 105
Photovoltaic Reverse Osmosis Desalination System ITN Energy Systems, Inc.; Littleton, CO May 2004 104
Optimization of Various MBR Systems for Water Reclamation — Phase III City of San Diego Water Department; San Diego, CA April 2004 103
Predicting Membrane Flux Decline Using Parameters Derived from Field-Flow Fractionation Measurements Colorado School of Mines; Golden, CO June 2006 102
Evaluation of Cleaning Spiral Wound Membrane Elements with the Two-Phase Flow Process (see also Report 121) Novaflux Technologies, Inc.; Princeton, NJ June 2003 101
Membrane Process Optimization Technology PerLorica Inc; Grass Valley, CA August 2003 100
Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process: Phase III New Jersey Institute of Technology; Newark, NJ March 2008 99
Systems Development for Environmental Impact Assessment of Concentrate Disposal Oregon Health and Science University; Beaverton, OR July 2003 98
Comparison of Advanced Treatment Methods for Partial Desalting of Tertiary Effluents Montgomery Watson Harza; Pasadena, CA September 2009 97
Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process - Phase II New Jersey Institute of Technology; Newark, NJ July 2003 96
Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap - A Report of the Executive Committee Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO; Sandia National Laboratories; Albuquerque, NM; January 2003 95
Optimal Operational Conditions for Prevention of Membrane Organic Fouling Yale University; New Haven, CT August 2002 94
Solar Evaporation and Water Recovery Unit Environmental Ingenuity Group; Santa Rosa, CA November 2002 93
Carrier Gas Enhanced Atmospheric Pressure Desalination Arizona State University; Tempe, AZ October 2002 92
Evaluation of Reverse Osmosis Scaling Prevention Devices at High Recovery Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO and Yuma, AZ; Burns and Roe Services Corporation; Yuma, AZ March 2003 91
Pilot Investigation of Slow Sand Filtration and Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Central Arizona Project Water Report Appendices Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO and Phoenix, AZ August 2002 90
Zero Waste Brine Management for Desalination Plant University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX December 2002 89
Treatment of Wastewaters for Water Reuse by a Catalytic Sonochemical Process - Phase II University of Delaware; Newark, DE May 2006 88
Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process New Jersey Institute of Technology; Newark, NJ March 2001 87
Visualization of Colloidal Phenomena Near Membrane Surfaces University of Illinois; Urbana, IL September 2000 86
Evaluation of Precipitative Fouling for Colorado River Water Desalination using RO Metropolitan Water District of Southern California; Los Angeles, CA December 2002 85
New Ultrafiltration Capillary Membrane and Study of Fouling Parameters, Flux Restoration, and Pathogens Retention Using Membrane Sampling Device Hydranautics Corporation; Oceanside, CA November 2000 84
Membrane Fouling: Influence of Natural Organic Matter Rensselaer Polytechnical Institute; Troy, NY September 2002 83
No Report N/A N/A 82
Solar and Waste Heat Desalination by Membrane Distillation University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX April 2004 81
Thermal Desalination Using MEMS & Salinity-Gradient Solar Pond Technology University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX August 2002 80
Biological Pretreatment for Membrane Systems Montana State University; Bozeman, MT April 2003 79
Improving the Thermodynamic and Economic Efficiencies of Desalination Plants: Minimum Work Required for Desalination and Case Studies of Four Working Plants University of Nevada; Reno, NV November 2003 78
Removal of Heavy Metals from Water with Microalgal Resins - II. Bench Scale Testing CLF Technologies; Denver, CO November 1997 76
Biological Stability of Drinking Water Through Ozonation at the Croton Water Supply in New York City Bureau of Water Supply, Quality, and Protection of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection; New York, NY June 2008 75
Removal of Heavy Metals from Water with Microalgal Resins - I. Process Development CLF Technologies; Denver, CO October 1996 74
Application of Electret Technology to Low Cost Desalination University of Denver; Denver, CO June 2002 73
Desalting Handbook for Planners RosTek Assoc., Inc.; Tampa FL; DSS Consulting, Inc.; Blue Ridge GA; Aqua Resources International, Inc.; Evergreen, CO December 2002 72
Demonstration of the Natural Freeze-Thaw Process for the Desalination of Water from the Devils Lake Chain to Provide Water for the City of Devils Lake B.C. Technologies, Inc.; Laramie, WY and University of North Dakota; Grand Forks, ND August 2002 71
Microbubble Treatment of Gas Supersaturated Water ARCADIS G&M, Inc.; Highlands Ranch, CO December 2001 70
Membrane Concentrate Disposal: Practices and Regulations Concentrate database Mickley & Associates; Boulder, CO September 2001 69
Water Treatment Primer for Communities in Need Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO September 2009, updated 2010 68
Report to Congress - Desalination & Water Purification Research & Development Program Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO May 2001 67
Initial Evaluation of the Subfloor Water Intake System Structure (SWISS) vs. Conventional Multimedia Pretreatment Techniques Pacific Research Group; Ventura, CA May 2001 66
Evaluation of the Port Hueneme Demonstration Plant Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO May 2001 65
Desalination Research and Development Workshop Report National Water Research Institute; Fountain Valley, CA and Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO January 2001 64
AWWARF/Reclamation Membrane Workshop American Water Works Association Research Foundation and Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO July 2000 63
VARI-RO™ Desalting Pilot Plant Advancement Project Testing & Evaluation Science Applications International Corp.; San Diego, CA May 2001 62
Polyamide Reverse Osmosis Membrane Fouling and Its Prevention: Oxidation-Resistant Membrane Development, Membrane Surface Smoothing, and Enhanced Membrane Hydrophilicity Separations Systems Technology, Inc.; San Diego, CA and Orange County Water District; Fountain Valley, CA November 2000 61
Membrane Bioreactors for Water Repurification-Phase II City of San Diego; San Diego, CA and Metropolitan Wastewater-Public Works; San Diego, CA November 2000 60
Investigation of High Freezing Temperature, Zero Ozone, and Zero Global Warming Potential Clathrate Formers for Desalination Thermal Energy Storage, Inc.; San Diego, CA June 2000 59
Microfiltration with Rapid Backpulsing and Surface Modified Membranes University of Colorado; Boulder, CO August 2000 58
Characterization of the Hydrophobicity of Polymeric Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membranes: Implications to Membrane Fouling University of Nevada; Reno, NV May 2000 57
Growing the U.S. Water Supply Through Purification Technologies Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO April 2000 56
Evaluation of Methods for Monitoring the Integrity of Reverse Osmosis Membrane Systems Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO April 2000 55
Evaluation of Two Concentrate Disposal Alternatives for the Phoenix Metropolitan Area: Evaporation Ponds and Discharge to the Gulf of California Bureau of Reclamation for the Sub-Regional Operating Group of the Arizona Municipal Water Users Association; Denver, CO March 2000 54
Understanding Nitrate Pollution in Small and Native American Communities Utah State University; Logan, UT August 2002 53
Innovative Atmospheric Pressure Desalination Arizona State University; Tempe, AZ December 1999 52
Demonstration Testing of ZenoGem™ and Reverse Osmosis for Indirect Potable Reuse CH2M Hill; Tempe, AZ May 2002 51
Photocatalytic Process for Silver Recovery and Wash Water Reuse Illinois Institute of Technology; Chicago, IL June 2000 50
Evaluation of Flow Fields in Wetlands Using Physical Models Arizona State University; Tempe, AZ May 2002 49
Treatment of Wastewaters for Water Reuse by a Catalytic Sonochemical Process Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering - University of Delaware; Newark, Delaware February 2011 48
Improvements in Wastewater Treatment at the Leadville Mine Tunnel New Mexico State University; Las Cruces, NM June 2002 47
Salinity and TOC Removal Using Nanofiltration University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX August 2002 46
New Design Channel Feed Spacer in Spiral Wound Elements for Pretreatment Cost Reduction Desalination Systems, Inc.; Minnetonka, MN September 1998 45
A Resistance Model for Evaluating Interactions Between Natural Organic Matter (NOM) and Membranes at Different Scales of Operation Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO and University of Colorado; Boulder CO September 1999 44
Water Treatment Estimation Routine (WaTER) User Manual Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO; National Institute of Standards and Technology; Boulder, CO August 1999 43
Study of Wastewater Reclamation Using Backwashable Capillary Ultrafiltration and Encapsulated Reverse Osmosis Membrane Modules Hydranautics; Oceanside, CA June 1999 42
Arsenic Removal from Water Using Manganese Greensand: Laboratory Scale Batch and Column Studies New Mexico State University; Las Cruces, NM June 1999 41
Molecular Sieving Hollow Fiber Ceramic Membranes for Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Membranes Media and Process Technology, Inc.; Pittsburg, PA February 1997 40
Wastewater Recovery from a Textile Bleach and Dye Operation, Bench Scale Evaluation Rice University; Houston, TX December 1998 39
National Facilities Survey - Part 2 Separation Consultants, Inc; Poway CA January 1997 38
Development of an Advanced Transverse Flow Nanofiltration and Membrane Process for High Performance Desalination-Phase II ZENON Environmental, Inc.; Burlington, Ontario November 1998 37
Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Central Arizona Project Water for the City of Tucson Tucson Water Department; Tucson, AZ; Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO January 2004 36
Halophyte Crops and a Sand-Bed Solar Concentrator to Reduce and Recycle Industrial, Desalination and Agricultural Brines University of Arizona; Tucson, AZ and Texas A&M University; El Paso, TX December 1998 35
Membrane Bioreactors for Water Purification-Phase I City of San Diego; San Diego, CA and Metropolitan Wastewater-Public Works; San Diego, CA August 1998 34
VARI-RO™ Direct Drive Engine Study (Draft) Final Technical Report Science Applications International Corp.; San Diego, CA Sep-tember 1998 33
Brackish Groundwater Treatment and Concentrate Disposal for the Homestead Colonia El Paso, Texas University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX April 1999 32
Build and Operate a Clathrate Desalination Pilot Plant Thermal Energy Storage, Inc.; San Diego, CA May 1998 31
VARI-RO™ Desalting Pilot Plant Testing and Evaluation, Final Technical Report Science Applications International Corp; San Diego, CA May 1998 30
The Desalting and Water Treatment Membrane Manual, A Guide to Membranes for Municipal Water Treatment, 2nd Edition Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO May 1998 29
Microfiltration with Rapid Backpulsing and Surface-Modified Membranes University of Colorado; Boulder, CO September 1999 28
The Algal-Bacterial Selenium Removal System for Treatment of Irrigation Drainage Water: Demonstration Facility Interim Studies University of California-Berkeley; Berkeley, CA November 1999 27
Wastewater Reclamation Pilot Study City of McAllen, Texas, WWTP No. 2S CH2M Hill; Tempe, AZ December 1997 26
Research Opportunities at the Yuma Water Quality Improvement Center Summary Report of a Joint Bureau of Reclamation/ADA Seminar; Yuma AZ January 1997 25
Survey of U.S. Costs and Water Rates for Desalination and Membrane Softening Plants Leitner & Associates, Inc; Florida and Connecticut June 1997 24
Evaluation of the Natural Freeze-Thaw Process for the Desalination of Groundwater from the Dakota Aquifer to Provide Water for Grand Forks, North Dakota B.C. Technologies, Ltd.; Laramie WY and Energy & Environmental Research Center, University of North Dakota; Grand Forks, ND September 1999 23
Enhancement of Membrane Fouling Resistance through Surface Modification Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO March 1997 22
No Report N/A N/A 21
No Report N/A N/A 20
Water Reuse Research Needs Assessment Workshop Summary Report of a Reclamation Workshop at the ADA Conference in Monterey, CA August 1996 19
Novel Membrane Process with Rapid Backpulsing for Water Treatment University of Colorado; Boulder, CO November 1996 18
Membrane Element Autopsy Manual Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO December 1996 17
Eastern Municipal Water District RO Treatment/Saline Vegetated Wetlands Pilot Study Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO April 1996 16
Maricopa Ground Water Treatment Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO February 1996 15
Brighton ED Testing with Asahi Monovalent Membranes D&N Engineering; Lakewood, CO September 1995 14
Desalting as an Environmentally Friendly Water Treatment Process Summary Report of an ADA Seminar; Palm Beach, FL September 1994 13
National Facilities Survey - Part 1 Separation Consultants, Inc; Poway, CA September 1994 12
Reduced Energy Consumption Evaporator for Use in Desalting Impaired Waters Water Reuse Technology; Alamo, CA December 1994 11
Zeta Potential for Reverse Osmosis Membranes: Implications for Membrane Performance and Feed Water Treatment University of California at Los Angeles; Los Angeles, CA December 1996 10
Development of an Advanced Transverse Flow Nanofiltration Membrane Process for High Performance Desalination ZENON Environmental, Inc.; Burlington, Ontario, Canada June 1995 9
Lake Havasu City Water Treatment Study Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO April 1995 8
Preliminary Research Study for the Construction of a Pilot Cogeneration Desalination Plant in Southern California Supersystems, Inc.; Irvine, CA May 1995 7
Clathrate Desalination Plant, Preliminary Research Study Thermal Energy Systems, Inc.; San Diego, CA June 1995 5
VARI-RO™ 'Low Energy' Desalting for the San Diego Region Science Applications International Corp.; San Diego, CA June 1995 4
Nanofiltration of a High Salinity Groundwater on the Hopi Reservation Northern Arizona University; Flagstaff, AZ May 1995 3
National Desalting and Water Treatment Needs Survey Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO May 1993 2
The Desalting and Water Treatment Membrane Manual: A Guide to Membranes for Municipal Water Treatment Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO and Boulder City, NV September 1993 1


Last Updated 8/24/18