Animas-La Plata Project

photo: Ridges Basin Dam
Ridges Basin Dam

The Animas-La Plata Project located in La Plata and Montezuma Counties in southwestern Colorado and in San Juan County in northwestern New Mexico, was authorized by the Colorado River Basin Project Act of September 30, 1968 (Public Law 84-485). In 1988, it was incorporated into the Colorado Ute Indian Water Rights Settlement Act. The Colorado Ute Settlement Act Amendments of 2000 provide for implementation and completion of the project. Approval to begin construction was granted in October 2001 and initial site work began in April 2002.

Lake Nighthorse began filling on May 4, 2009, and filled for the first time on June 29, 2011. The maximum water surface elevation of 6,882 feet equates to 123,541 acre-feet in storage. The Colorado project features were transferred from construction status to operation and maintenance status in March 2013. Work on completion of the transfer stipulations is continuing. An operation and maintenance contract has been signed with the Animas-La Plata Operations, Maintenance and Replacement Association that allows project sponsors to operate Colorado project features.

Lake Nighthorse Recreation

photo: Construction at Lake Nighthorse
View of the proposed temporary office and decontamination
equipment storage location.

Reclamation’s Western Colorado Area Office and City of Durango finalized and signed a lease agreement for recreation management at Lake Nighthorse on January 27, 2017. The 25 year agreement transfers recreation management and related responsibilities to the city; including developing, constructing and maintaining facilities and other improvements within the recreation area. Under the agreement, the city will ensure that recreation area administration and associated land use comply with all applicable Federal and State laws and regulations.

The agreement is contingent on the city annexing approximately 500 acres of land at Lake Nighthorse including 1,500 water surface acres in order to provide management, law enforcement and emergency services at Lake Nighthorse. The area office the city are currently working on the annexation agreement. Recently, the area office finalized a new Programmatic Agreement and Cultural Resource Plan with the Colorado State Historic Preservation Office that will cover Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act compliance for the ongoing operations and maintenance of the Animas La-Plata Project, as well as for the recreation plan.

In December 2016, the Western Colorado Area Office released the Finding of No Significant Impact and final Environmental Assessment for the Lake Nighthorse Recreation Plan. The selected alternative is the 2014 Recreation Plan proposed by the City of Durango. The 2014 Recreation Plan recommends implementing a small-scale, staged approach to the development of recreational opportunities and facilities, while protecting water quality, cultural resources and the primary purposes of Lake Nighthorse.

Recreation development will include: public restrooms, an overflow parking area for the boat ramp, access road improvements and development of a courtesy dock system at the boat ramp. Recreation activities will be day use only and include: canoeing, kayaking, rowing, sculling, and stand-up-paddle boarding; swimming and scuba diving; and fishing. Motorized boating would be allowed, however, the lake will be closed to all motorized boating from late fall to late spring. The 2014 Recreation Plan and other information is available at:

Construction Update

photo: Construction at Lake Nighthorse
View of subgrade in parking area being prepared for pavement

The Bureau of Reclamation is contracting with Weeminuche Construction Authority, a Ute Mountain Ute Tribe construction company for surveying and construction of the Lake Nighthorse boat inspection and decontamination station. The station will be located off County Road 210 at the entrance of the Lake Nighthorse recreation area. The purpose of the station is to prevent aquatic invasive species from being introduced into Lake Nighthorse. Concrete and asphalt work will be finished in fall 2017.

After construction is completed the area will remain closed to all public access. This is necessary until the city completes construction recreation facilities that are needed to provide for public safety and protect resources from damage due to uncontrolled use.

Construction is underway on the La Plata West Water Authority’s 4.6 mile long water pipeline from Lake Nighthorse to Lake Durango. The purpose of the water pipeline is to meet the current and future needs for domestic water supply in western La Plata County. For more information about the project visit:



Project Information

     Structural Height    270 feet
     Crest Length    1,640 feet
     Releases   110 cfs with periodic peaks up to 200 cfs
     Active Storage Capacity    90,000 acre-feet
     Inactive Storage Capacity    30,000 acre-feet
     Total Storage Capacity    120,000 acre-feet
     Total Water Surface    1,490 acres
     Maximum Dynamic Lift    550 feet
     Capacity    280 cubic feet per second
     Length    2.1 miles
     Capacity    280 cubic feet per second
     Length    30 miles approx.
     Initial Capacity    12.9 cubic feet per second

Animas-La Plata Project Area Map

Background / History

aerial photo: Durango Pumping Plant
Aerial view of the Durango Pumping Plant

The Animas-La Plata Project, located in southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico, has been the subject of substantial public interest and environmental review since it was authorized. Following is a short history leading to the initiation of project construction, and current construction progress.

1968 - United States Congress authorized construction of the A-LP Project

1980 - The Bureau of Reclamation released a Final Environmental Statement on the project.

1988 - Congress passed the Colorado Ute Indian Water Rights Settlement Act which authorized the implementation of a 1986 water rights settlement agreement.

1990 - Based on new biological information, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issued a draft biological opinion concluding that the project would jeopardize the continued existence of the Colorado pikeminnow.

1991 - The Service issued a Final Biological Opinion containing a reasonable and prudent alternative that limited the project depletions to 57,100 acre-feet per year. This opinion allowed construction of the project to begin.

1992 - A lawsuit filed by environmental organizations halted construction of the project.

1996 - Reclamation released a Final Supplement to the Final Environmental Statement, that addressed updated environmental information.

1996-97 - Supporters and opponents of the project addressed unresolved issues associated with the original A-LP Project to gain consensus on an alternative to the project. (Romer/Schoettler Process)

1998 - The Department of the Interior recommended construction of a substantially scaled-down project that was designed to satisfy the intent of Colorado Ute Tribes' 1986 water rights settlement agreement.

2000 - Reclamation released a Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision that identified the selected alternative as a down-sized project that focused on providing the Colorado Ute Tribes, as well as others, an assured water supply. Congress authorized construction of the scaled-down project with the Colorado Ute SettlementActAmendments of 2000.

2001 - November 9, 2001, Reclamation Commissioner grants approval to initiate project construction.

2002 - Construction began with installation of the Inlet Conduit Sleeve.

2003 - Update of Project Construction Cost Estimate reveals increase of project cost from approximately $338 million to $500 million. Ridges Basin Dam Outlet Works excavation was completed. Durango Pumping Plant excavation was initiated.

2004 - Construction continued on Ridges Basin Dam foundation excavation with over two million cubic yards of material excavated. DPP excavation, Intake Structure, and fish bypass were substantially completed. Preliminary design for the Navajo Nation Municipal Pipeline continued.

2005 - Construction was initiated on the DPP structure. Erection of an onsite Sky Ute Sand and Gravel concrete batch plant at the DPP site was completed and brought into production. The main pumping plant bay foundation and first floor concrete were completed. The floor of the intake channel/fish screen was completed. The pipes to and from the pumps were installed and were encased in concrete. Ridges Basin Dam Completion Contract was awarded in March. Foundation grouting on the foundation and both abutments was initiated. Placement of the zone materials (including sand and filter drains, impervious clay core, and Zone 4 shell) continued. The materials processing plant was erected and produced Zone 2 (sand), Zone 3 (gravel), Zone 6 (rock), and road base materials. On August 12, 2005, the Ridges Basin Dam Zone One Clay Placement Ceremony was held. During the ceremony, religious leaders of the Colorado Ute Indian Tribes blessed the building of the dam. The outlet works tunnel and gate chamber was excavated and concrete invert tunnel lining was initiated. Construction of Basin Creek Drop Structures was initiated.

2006 - Construction continued on the DPPApproximately 20,000 cubic yards of concrete were placed through the end of 2006 at the intake fish screen, plant, and air chamber structures. Installation, at the pumping plant site, of a portion of the 72-inch buried steel pipeline (Ridges Basin Inlet Conduit) was initiated and completed. Ridges Basin Dam construction continued. Approximately three million cubic yards of embankment zoned fill material were placed bringing the dam elevation to an average height of 6,783 feet. Grouting operations continued through this season on the dam abutments and in the outlet works tunnel. The materials processing plant continued in full production until winter shutdown. The outlet works tunnel upstream reinforced concrete lining and down stream arch lining were completed. Concrete lining in the gate chamber was initiated in late fall. The intake tower was completed to elevation 6,760 feet. Construction of Basin Creek Drop Structures were completed.

2007 - Construction on the DPP is 78 percent complete. The DPP structure was completed using a total of 21,300 cubic yards of concrete and the roof was installed. The fish screen was installed in the intake structure and the air chamber for the 72-inch inlet conduit was completed. Ridges Basin Dam was topped out at an elevation of 6,893 feet. At the outlet works the gate chamber was completed and a 4 x 6 foot slide gate was installed. A 66-inch steel outlet pipe was installed in the downstream arch tunnel and the access walkways were completed. Construction of the control house started and a 60-inch jet flow and sleeve valve gate was installed.

2008 - General construction of Ridges Basin Dam and Inlet Conduit, Durango Pumping Plant, and appurtenant structures of the Animas-La Plata Project were completed. In September 2008, the first two major contracts were awarded for work on the Navajo Nation Municipal Pipeline marking the start of construction on the fourth major component of the project.

2009 - The first fill of Lake Nighthorse commenced May 4, 2009. Significant progress was made on construction of the Navajo Nation Municipal Pipeline portion of the project by the Navajo Engineering and Construction Authority.

2010 - Construction continued on the Navajo nation Municipal Pipeline and the permanent operating facility for the project. First fill of the reservoir continued reaching 50 percent of capacity when pumping ended in June. The project sponsors formed the Animas-La Plata Operations, Maintenance and Replacement Association to assume operational responsibility for the Colorado project jeatures.

2011 - Lake Nighthorse filled the first time on June 29, 2011, with 123,541 acre-feet of water storage. In May, a three-week flow test of the Basin Creek Improvements was conducted to test the series of channel improvements and small check dams, or drop structures to convey water released from Ridges Basin Dam down Basin Creek to the Animas River without increasing, or decreasing, the sediment transport to the river.

2012 - The Bureau of Reclamation, Animas-La Plata Water Conservancy District, and community of Durango developed a Recreation Master Plan for Lake Nighthorse and completed the National Environmental Policy Act compliance review. The area in and around Lake Nighthorse would not beopened for public use until a recreation management entity could beidentified and appropriate recreation facilities constructed. Pipe laying operations on the Navajo Nation Municipal Pipeline were completed in July.

2013 - The Colorado project features were transferred from construction status to operation and maintenance status in March 2013. Work continued on connections to existing distribution systems.


Contracts & Agreements


Last Updated: 7/19/17