Investigating the use of green infrastructure to improve water quality and expand usable water supplies

Project ID: 21011
Principal Investigator: Nathan Kuhnert
Research Topic: Desalination and Water Treatment
Funded Fiscal Years: 2021
Keywords: None

Research Question

The intent of this scoping study is to compile existing design and performance information on GI projects that have been developed by Reclamation (pilot-, demonstration-, and full-scale), identify areas for potential enhancements based on "lessons learned" from these existing facilities, and identify potential locations where GI can be used to enhance the suitability for use, and thus increase the availability of potential water supplies.

Need and Benefit

This scoping proposal addresses the need to expand water availability for multipurpose objectives through conjunctive reuse practices. "Green infrastructure" (GI), such as constructed wetlands and soil/aquifer treatment, is an emerging tool to compliment advanced water treatment technologies. GI involves passive, naturally occurring biogeochemical processes such as biodegradation, plant uptake, photolysis, volatilization, sorption, and precipitation, for water quality improvement and environmental protection.

Contributing Partners

Contact the Principal Investigator for information about partners.

Research Products

Bureau of Reclamation Review

The following documents were reviewed by experts in fields relating to this project's study and findings. The results were determined to be achieved using valid means.

A Scoping Study: Integrating Constructed Wetlands into Water Reuse and Stormwater Management to Enhance Water Supply and Multi-Purpose Benefits (final, PDF, 732KB)
By Nathan Kuhnert and Catherine Hoffman
Report completed on February 03, 2022

This research product summarizes the research results and potential application to Reclamation's mission.

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Last Updated: 6/22/20