The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed by Congress to protect species that are in danger of becoming extinct or are threatened with extinction. Reclamation complies with the ESA in the operation, maintenance, and rehabilitation of projects and facilities, and on new construction projects by completing Biological Assessments for actions that may affect those species. ESA compliance is also fully incorporated into the region's National Environmental Policy Act process.
NOAA Fisheries Service oversees the protection and recovery of certain marine-related endangered or threatened species, including salmon and steelhead. NOAA Fisheries’ judgment of how to protect these species is presented in a Biological Opinion issued to Federal agencies. Reclamation regulates water discharge to comply with NOAA requirements.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issues Biological Opinions for actions affecting non-marine endangered/threatened species. Reclamation manages land and/or water activities in its jurisdiction to comply with FWS requirements.
Reclamation's implementation activities include long term monitoring and reporting, as well as investigation and implementation of projects aimed at reducing impacts associated with Reclamation's facility operations.
Columbia/Snake Salmon Recovery Program
Reclamation and US Army Corps of Engineers own and operate the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS), a series of hydropower projects on the Columbia and lower Snake Rivers. The Bonneville Power Administration markets and distributes the power generated from these dams. The FCRPS is operated in compliance with the Endangered Species Act and other Federal laws. Details on FCRPS and the ESA >>
Other ESA Activities
- More about ESA Activities in the Region >>
- Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS)
- Yakima River Basin Water Enhancement Program (YRBWEP)
Bureau of Reclamation
Columbia-Cascades Area Office
1917 Marsh Road
Yakima WA 98901-2058