Executive Orders, Public Laws, and Federal Standards
The following excerpted mitigation program references are found in the Executive Orders, Public Laws, and adopted Federal Standards
that form the basis of the BSSP. Links to these and other Executive Orders, Public Laws, and Federal Standards are also available below for viewing/downloading.
- Seismic Safety of Existing Federally Owned or Leased Buildings
Executive Order 12941 - December 1, 1994
Adobe Acrobat - 12 KB .pdf File
Section 1. Adoption of Minimum Standards: "The Standards of Seismic Safety
for Existing Federally Owned or Leased Buildings (Standards), developed,
issued, and maintained by the Interagency Committee on Seismic Safety
in Construction (ICSSC), are hereby adopted as the minimum level acceptable
for use by Federal departments and agencies in assessing the seismic safety
of their owned and leased buildings and in mitigating unacceptable seismic
risks in those buildings. The Standards shall be applied, at a minimum,
to those buildings identified in the Standards as requiring evaluation and,
if necessary, mitigation."
- Seismic Safety of Federal and Federally Assisted or Regulated New Building Construction
Executive Order 12699 - January 5, 1990
Adobe Acrobat - 25 and 130 KB .pdf Files
Section 1. Requirements for Earthquake Safety of New Federal Buildings: "The purposes of these requirements are to reduce risks to the lives of
occupants of buildings owned by the Federal Government and to persons who would be affected by the failures of Federal buildings in
earthquakes, to improve the capability of essential Federal buildings to function during or after an earthquake, and to reduce earthquake losses
of public buildings, all in a cost-effective manner. A building means any structure, fully or partially enclosed, used or intended for sheltering
persons or property."
- Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977
Public Law 95-124 and 42 United States Code (U.S.C.) §§ 7701, et seq. - October 7, 1977
Adobe Acrobat - 28, 106, and 91 KB .pdf Files
§ 7702. Congressional statement of purpose: "(5) the development, in areas of seismic risk,
of improved understanding of, and capability with respect to, earthquake-related issues,
including methods of mitigating the risks from earthquakes, planning to prevent such
risks, disseminating warnings of earthquakes, organization emergency services, and
planning for reconstruction and redevelopment after an earthquake;"
§ 7702. Congressional statement of purpose: "(6) the development of ways to increase the
use of existing scientific and engineering knowledge to mitigate earthquake hazards; and"
Note: References to mitigation programs are also found in § 7704 (b)(2)(A)(viii);
§ 7704 (b)(2)(A)(ix); § 7704 (b)(4)(A); § 7704 (b)(4)(E); and § 7705e (3).
- National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program Reauthorization Act
Public Law 101-614 - November 16, 1990
Adobe Acrobat - 34 and 64 KB .pdf Files
Section 8. Seismic Standards: "(a)(1) The President shall adopt, not later then December 1, 1994, standards for assessing and
enhancing the seismic safety of existing buildings constructed for or leased by the Federal Government which were designed and constructed without adequate seismic design and construction standards."
Note: This was accomplished through Executive Order 12941.
- Earthquake Hazards Reduction Authorization Act of 1999
House of Representatives (H.R.) 1184 - April 22, 1999
Adobe Acrobat - 35 and 26 KB .pdf Files
- Standards of Seismic Safety for Existing Federally Owned and Leased Buildings
Interagency Committee on Seismic Safety in Construction (ICSSC) RP 8 - December 2011
Adobe Acrobat - 623 KB .pdf File
Section 2.1. Situations Requiring Evaluation and Mitigation: "At a minimum, a building shall be evaluated and unacceptable risks mitigated when. . ." [the building is classified as extremely
Note: ICSSC RP 6 is the revision to the Standards of Seismic Safety for Existing Federally Owned
or Leased Buildings and Commentary (ICSSC RP 4), which was issued by the ICSSC in
1994 in response to Public Law 101-614 and Executive Order 12941.