Pretreatment for Specific Contaminants
Specific constituents are of serious concern to membrane fouling.
Natural organic matter (NOM) was found to be the most detrimental contaminant to MF/UF and also a major contributor to low pressure membranes. Removal of NOM was a common research theme including specific project categories:
- Adsorbents: Heated Iron Oxide
- Softening and Ultrafiltration
- Natural Organic Matter Fouling of Low-Pressure Membrane Systems
- Cavitation Jet Technology