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Advanced Water Treatment Research --> Tech-specific research-->Membranes

Membrane Fouling and Cleaning

Membrane fouling occurs when solutes deposit on the membrane surface or inside the membrane pores. Deposits reduce product water generation and increase pressure. Research into membrane foulants includes:

Research on the removal of foulants from the membrane surface included:

fouled membrane

In an autopsy, we take an element apart to determine why it failed.

Desalting and Water Purification Research Program

Report Title Performing Agency Date Report # See also
Membrane Element Autopsy Manual Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO Dec-96 17
A Resistance Model for Evaluating Interactions Between Natural Organic Matter (NOM) and Membranes at Different Scales of Operation Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO; University of Colorado, Boulder CO Sep-99 44
Salinity and TOC Removal Using Nanofiltration University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso TX Aug-02 46 Case Studies
Membrane Fouling: Influence of Natural Organic Matter Rensselaer Polytechnical Institute; Troy NY Sep-02 83

Evaluation of Precipitative Fouling for Colorado River Water Desalination using RO

Metropolitan Water District of Southern California; Los Angeles CA; December 2002 85
Evaluation of Cleaning Spiral Wound Membrane Elements with the Two-Phase Flow Process (see also Report 121) Novaflux Technologies, Inc.; Princeton NJ Jun-03 101
Predicting Membrane Flux Decline Using Parameters Derived from Field-Flow Fractionation Measurements Colorado School of Mines; Golden CO Jun-06 102
Pilot Scale Testing of Membrane Desalination System Utilizing Novel Two-Phase Cleaning Technology Novaflux Technologies; Princeton NJ May-08 121
Novel Fouling Resistant Membranes for Water Purification University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX Sep-08


Material Characterization
Desalination Pretreatment Using Controlled-Chain PEG-Enhanced Cellulose Acetate Ultrafiltration Membranes University of Toledo; Toledo OH Jul-08 138 Material Characterization
Optimization of Chemical Cleaning of Organic-Fouled Reverse Osmosis Membranes Yale University; New Haven CT Aug-09 141
Reduced Membrane Fouling Potential by Tailored Fluid/Structure Interaction (abstract) Heat Transfer Research, Inc.; College Station TX May-08 143