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Desalination and Water Purification Research Program Cost Share and Location

Program Description || Solicitations || Published Reports || Results || Cost Share

Projects or studies have been run in more than half of the 50 states, as shown by the map and tables below.

Map of U.S. with numbers of projects by state
Geographical Distribution of Agreements Awarded

One of the benefits of cost-sharing is that the applicant must really believe in, and champion, his or her own idea. DWPR requires at least 50 percent of the cost of a project. To allow students to receive training in water treatment concepts at the university level, Reclamation can waive the cost share requirement for research up to a total of $1 million per year with institutions of higher learning. Table 1. Cost Share, shows the funding from Reclamation and the cost share participants from fiscal year (FY) 1998 -2011. Table 2 lists the agreements by state.

Table 1. Total Cost Share Funding

FY

Reclamation,
$ million

Cost Share, $million

1998

2.39

3.09

1999

0.71

0.80

2001

0.96

1.24

2002

0.46

1.28

2003

1.55

2.68

2004

1.63

1.34

2005

1.42

4.31

2010

1.35

0.68

2011

1.47

1.30

Total

11.94

16.72

Table 2. Reclamation External Desalination Research Agreements for DWPR and WTTP organized by state

File Number Report (Agreement) Title Organization, City State Award Cost Share
Agreement Number/ Fiscal Year
3 Nanofiltration of a High Salinity Groundwater on the Hopi Reservation Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff AZ
1425-3-CR-81-19450 / 1993
35 Halophyte Crops and a Sand-Bed Solar Concentrator to Reduce and Recycle Industrial, Desalination, and Agriculture Brines University of Arizona,Tucson AZ $49,949
1425-97-FC-81-30006H /1997
52 Innovative Atmospheric Pressure Desalination Arizona State University,Tempe AZ $53,122 $19,920
98-FC-81-0049 / 1998
49 Evaluation of Flow Fields in Wetlands Using Physical Models Arizona State University,Tempe AZ $73,184 $53,714
98-FC-81-0051 / 1998
92 Carrier Gas Enhanced Atmospheric Pressure Desalination Arizona State University, Tempe AZ $50,000 $38,676
99-FC-81-0186 / 1999
120 Dewvaporation Desalination 10,000 GPD Pilot-Plant L'Eau, LLC, AZ $270,000 $540,000
03-FC-81-0905 / ?
4 Vari-RO “Low Energy” Desalinating for the San Diego Region Science Applications International Corp., San Diego CA
1425-3-SP-81-19510 / 1993
5 Clathrate Desalination Plant, Preliminary Research Study Thermal Energy Systems, Inc.,San Diego CA
1425-3-CR-81-19520 / 1993
7 Preliminary Study for the Construction of a Pilot Cogeneration Desalination Plant in Southern California Super Systems, Inc., Irvine CA
1425-3-CR-81-18810 / 1993
11 Reduced Energy Consumption Evaporator for Use in Desalting Impaired Waters Water Reuse Technology, Alamo CA
1425-3-CR-19560 / 1993
10 Zeta Potential of Reverse Osmosis Membranes: Implications for Membrane Performance and Feed Water Treatment University of California at Los Angeles CA
1425-4-CR-81-19290 / 1994
31 Build and Operate a Clathrate Desalination Pilot Plant Thermal Energy Storage, Inc.,San Diego CA
1425-5-FC-81-92121 / 1995
30 VARI-ROI™ Desalting Pilot Plant Testing and Evaluation Science Applications International Corp., San Diego CA
1425-FC-81-20410 / 1995
42 Study of Wastewater Reclamation Using Backwashable Capillary UF and Encapsulated RO membrane Modules Hydranautics,Oceanside CA $25,000
1425-97-FC-81-30006B / ?
33 VARI-RO™ Direct Drive Engine Study Science Applications International Corp., CA $49,957 $53,927
1425-97-FC-81-30006C / 1997
34 Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) for Water Repurification – Phase I City of San Diego CA $49,949
1425-97-FC-81-30006J / 1997
27 The Algal-Bacterial Selenium Removal System for Treatment of Irrigation Drainage Water: Demonstration Facility Interim Studies University of California, Berkeley CA $25,000 $57,967
1425-97-FC-81-3006D / 1997
45 New Design Feed Channel Spacer in Spiral Wound Elements for Pretreatment Cost Reduction Desalination Systems, Inc., Escondido CA $44,840
1425-97-FC-81-30006F /1997
84 New Ultrafiltration Capillary Membrane and Study of Fouling Parameters, Flux Restoration, and Pathogens Retention Using Membrane Sampling Device Hydranautics Water Systems, Escondido CA $125,000 $136,957
FC-81-0060 / 1998
66 Initial Evaluation of the Subfloor Water Intake Structure System (SWISS) vs. Conventional Multimedia Pretreatment Techniques Pacific Research Group, Ventura CA $122,300 $125,445
98-FC-81-0044 / 1998
61 Polyamide Reverse Osmosis Membrane Fouling and Its Prevention Separations Systems Technology, Inc., San Diego CA $123,814 $182,002
98-FC-81-0045 / 1998
60 Membrane Bioreactors for Water Reclamation-Phase II City of San Diego CA $270,000 $832,500
98-FC-81-0031 / 1998
62 VARI-ROTM Desalting Pilot Plant Advancement Project Testing and Evaluation Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego CA $270,000 $414,667
98-FC-81-0030 / 1998
85 Evaluation of Precipitative Fouling for Colorado River Water Desalination Using Reverse Osmosis Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, La Verne CA $98,436 $212,128
99-FC-81-0185 / 1999
59 Investigation of High Freezing Temperature, Zero Ozone, and Zero Global Warming Potential Clathrate Formers for Desalination Thermal Energy Storage, Inc., San Diego CA $100,000 $103,759

99-FC-81-0110

/ 1999

97 Comparison of Treatment Methods for Partial Desalting of Tertiary Effluents City of San Jose CA $50,000 $246,394
??
103 Optimization of Various Membrane Bioreactor Systems for Water Reclamation Phase III City of San Diego CA $270,000 $820,280
01-FC-81-0736 / ?
100 Membrane Process Optimization Methodology PerLorica, Inc., Grass Valley CA $25,000 $75,000
02-FC-81-0833
117 Seawater Desalination Pilot-Plant to Advance the State-of-the-Art by Optimization of Microfiltration/Ultrafiltration and Reverse Osmosis West Basin Municipal Water District, Carson CA $176,385 $189,340
02-FC-81-0838
118 Evaluation of Various Pre-Treatment Methods for Seawater Membrane Desalination City of San Diego, San Diego CA $250,000 $350,000
02-FC-81-836
119 Reverse Osmosis Groundwater Recharge -Las Vegas Valley Membrane Pilot Study Carollo Engineers,Santa Ana CA $228,768 $228,768
02-FC-81-0837
116 Evaluation of Biological Treatment of Perchlorate Impaired Waters Montgomery-Watson-Harza CA $100,000 $306,825
03-FC-81-0921
122 Reducing the Costs of Impaired Water Desalination While Providing Water Resources Management: An Evaluation of Horizontal Collector Wells for Acquiring Surface Water with Subsequent NF/RO Treatment Carollo Engineers CA $270,000 $730,890
03-FC-81-0917
126 Molecular Basis of RO Membrane Biofouling Stanford University,Stanford CA $100,000 $43,970
04-FC-81-1045
140 Use of Dendrimers to Enhance Selective Separation by Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membranes Hydranautics Nitto Denko Corporation, Oceanside CA $72,200 $72,200
05-FC-81-1176
147 Evaluation of Newly Developed MBR Systems for Water Reclamation MWH Americas, Inc., Pasadena CA $99,960 $458,224
05-FC-81-1157
149 Evaluation and Selection of Available Processes for a Zero-Liquid Discharge System for the Perris, California, Groundwater Basin Eastern Municipal Water District, Perris CA $99,989 $192,062
05-FC-81-1153
150 Seawater Desalination Pilot Project Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, Los Angeles CA $150,000 $2,271,000
05-FC-81-1158
151 Dana Point Ocean Desalination Project Municipal Water District of Orange County, Fountain Valley CA $360,000 $1,098,107
05-FC-81-1152
152 Dana Point Ocean Desalination Project Municipal Water District of Orange County, Fountain Valley CA Part of 151 Part of 151
05-FC-81-1152 - Part II
153 Dana Point Ocean Desalination Project Municipal Water District of Orange County, Fountain Valley CA Part of 151 Part of 151
05-FC-81-1152 - Part III
18 Novel Membrane Process with Rapid Backpulsing for Water Treatment University of Colorado, Boulder CO
1425-5-CR-81-20250 / 1995
14 Brighton ED Testing with Asahi Monovalent Selective Membranes D & N Engineering, Lakewood CO
1425-5-PG-81-08300 / 1995
74 Removal of Heavy Metals from Water with Microalgal Bioadsorbents I. Process Development CLF Technologies, Inc., Denver CO
1425-5-CR-81-20290 / 1995
28 Microfiltration with Rapid Backpulsing and Surface-Modified Membranes University of Colorado, Boulder CO $75,000 $75,000
1425-96-FC-81-05017 /1996
76 Removal of Heavy Metals from Water with Microalgal Bioadsorbents II. Bench Scale Testing CLF Technologies, Inc.,Denver CO $25,000 $25,000
1425-96-FC-81-05027 / 1996
58 Membrane Modification by Photografting for Reduction of Adhesive Fouling University of Colorado, Boulder CO $83,981 $45,684
98-FC-81-0062 / 1998
73 Application of Electret Technology to Low Cost Desalination University of Denver, Denver CO $99,447 $23,800
98-FC-81-0050 / 1998
69 Membrane Concentrate Disposal: Practices and Regulation Mickley & Associates, Boulder CO $97,268 $103,700
98-FC-81-0054 / 1998
102 Predicting Membrane Flux Decline Using Parameters Derived from Field Flow Fractionation Measurements. Colorado School of Mines, Golden CO $93,613 $0
01-FC-81-0738
106 Membrane Pretreatment for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Aqua Resources International, Evergreen CO $265,000 $283,177
01-FC-81-0735
104 Photovoltaic (PV) Reverse Osmosis Desalination System ITN Energy Systems, Inc., Littleton CO $95,074 $95,074
02-FC-81-0831
123 Membrane Concentrate Disposal: Practices and Regulations (Second Edition) Mickley and Associates, Boulder CO $99,913 $103,583
02-FC-81-0815
115 Plant-Scale Engineering Design of Membrane Processes from Bench-Scale Measurements University of Colorado, Boulder CO $100,000 $0
03-FC-81-0918
No number Pilot Photovoltaic Reverse Osmosis Desalination System ITN Energy Systems, Inc., Littleton CO $263,531 $527,062
(contract terminated by mutual agreement)
133 Multi-Beneficial Use of Co-Produced Water through High-Pressure Membrane Treatment and Capacitative Deionization Technology Colorado School of Mines, Golden CO $92,089 $67,011
04-FC-81-1053
155 Treatment of Concentrate Mickley and Associates, Boulder CO
04-FC-81-1050
94 Optimal Operational Conditions for Prevention of Membrane Colloidal and Organic Fouling Yale University, New Haven CT $89,623 $34,069
99-FC-81-0187 / 1999
109 Chemical Cleaning of Fouled Reverse Osmosis Membranes Yale University, New Haven CT $89,000 $28,258
03-FC-81-0908
141 Optimization of Chemical Cleaning of Organic-Fouled Reverse Osmosis Membranes Yale University, New Haven CT $97,570 $00,000
05-FC-81-1147
48 Treatment of Wastewaters for Water Reuse by a Catalytic Sonochemical Process University of Delaware, DE $74,990 $49,006
98-FC-81-0052 /1998
88 Treatment of Wastewater for Water Reuse by a Catalytic Sonochemical Process: Phase II University of Delaware, DE $50,000 $46,047
99-FC-81-0184
130 Modeling the Capital & Operating Costs of Thermal Processes Moch & Associates, Inc., Wilmington DE $84,815 $92,805
04-FC-81-1038
110 Impact of Magnetic Fields on Reverse Osmosis Separation University of South Florida, Tampa FL $90,996 $20,730
01-FC-81-0739
113 Evaluation of Desalination on Waters Under the Influence of Surface Water Runoff for Pretreatment, Water Quality, and Pathogen Removal Performance Reiss Environmental, Winter Park FL $100,000 $194,000
02-FC-81-0829
137 Pretreatment & Design Considerations for Large Scale Seawater Facilities Reiss Environmental, Inc., Winter Park FL $150,000 $330,453
04-FC-81-1059
127 Boron Rejection by Reverse Osmosis Membranes: National Reconnaissance Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GE $87,855 $37,000
04-FC-81-1050
128 Wind-Powered RO Water Desalination for Pacific Islands & Remote Coastal Comm. University of Hawaii, Manoa HI $86,212 $36,411
04-FC-81-1062
50 Photocatalytic Process for Silver Recovery and Wash Water Reuse Illinois Institute of Technology, IL $60,844 $0
98-FC-81-0063 / 1998
86 Visualization of Colloidal Phenomena Near Membrane Surfaces University of Illinois, IL $87,635 $15,768
99-FC-81-0182 / 1999
142 Characterization of Membrane Foulants in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination University of Illinois, Champaign IL $98,470 $26,209
05-FC-81-1169
145 Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Wind Powered Desalination for a Community Scale Distributed Generation Application University of Massachusetts, Amherst MA $99,914 $00,000
05-FC-81-1175
114 Industry Consortium Analysis of Large Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Element Diameters Dow Chemical Company, MN $100,000 $153,385
03-FC-81-0916
105 Reduction of Iron Fouling in Groundwater Aerators University of Missouri, Columbia MO $25,000
1425-97-FC-81-30006A / 1997
79 Design and Optimization of Biological Reactors for the Pretreatment of Reverse Osmosis Feed Water Montana State University, Bozeman MT $64,923 $69,010
98-FC-81-0010 /1998
107 An Expert System for Decision-Making in the Use of Desalination for Augmenting Water Supplies University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill NC $59,985 $0
02-FC-81-0832
162 The Production and Characterization of Inexpensive Renewable Based material for Water Desalination and Heavy Metal Removal Applications North Carolina State University NC $121,992 $0
23 Evaluation of the Natural Freeze-Thaw Process for the Desalination of Groundwater from the Dakota Aquifer to Provide Water for Grand Forks, North Dakota. University of North Dakota and B.C. Technologies, Ltd. ND
1425-5-CR-81-20810 / 1995
87 Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark NJ $49,998 $10,869
99-FC-81-0180 / 1999
96 Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation. Phase II New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark NJ $90,185 $11,958
01-FC-81-0737
101 Evaluation of Cleaning Spiral Wound Elements with the Two-Phase Flow Process Novaflux Technologies, Inc., Princeton NJ $74,996 $101,627
01-FC-81-0740
99 Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based (DCMD) Desalination Process -Phase III New Jersey Institute of Technology,Newark NJ $99,999 $10,937
02-FC-81-0831
121 Pilot-Scale Testing of Membrane Desalination System Using Novel Two-Phase Cleaning Technology Novaflux Technologies, Princeton NJ $268,635 $295,004
03-FC-81-0922
134 Pilot-Scale Studies for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark NJ $150,000 $39,996
04-FC-81-1037 $119,815
41 Arsenic Removal from Water Using Manganese Greensand: Laboratory Scale Batch and Column Studies New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM $24,998 $34,791
1425-96-FC-81-05016 / 1996
47 Improvements in Wastewater Treatment at the Leadville Mine Drainage Tunnel New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM $75,000 $15,760
98-FC-81-0053 / 1998
136 Membrane Technology for the Recovery of Produced Water Western Environmental Management, Carlsbad NM $150,000 $236,926
04-FC-81-1060 $84,999
57 Characterization of the Hydrophilicity of Polymeric Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membranes: Implications to Membrane Fouling University of Nevada, Reno NV $79,983 $34,973
98-FC-81-0057 / 1998
82 Hydrophilicity of Polymeric RO and NF Membranes: Implications to Membrane Fouling - Phase II University of Nevada, Reno NV $48,676 $0
99-FC-81-0183 /1999
78 Improving Thermodynamics and Economic Efficiencies of Desalination Plants: Minimum Work Required for Desalination and Case Studies of Four Working Plants University of Nevada,Reno NV $39,944 $60,771
99-FC-81-0183
164 Osmotically Assisted Desalination: A Low Energy Reverse Osmosis Hybrid Desalination System University of Nevada, Reno NV $186,942 $43,208
75 Biological Stability of Drinking Water through Treatment Processes City College of New York NY $25,000 $70,025
1425-5-CR-81-20450 / 1995
77 Comparative Evaluation of the Effects of Various Disinfectants on Attached Bacterial Growth in Drinking Water City College of New York NY $25,000 $90,025
1425-96-FC-81-05025 / 1996
83 Membrane Fouling: Influence of Natural Organic Matter Properties and Membrane Surface Treatment on Nanofiltration Performance Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy NY $122,081 $0
98-FC-81-0061 /1998
138 Desalination Pretreatment Using Controlled-Chain PEGMA-Enhanced Cellulose Acetate Ultrafiltration Membranes University of Toledo, Toledo OH $92,411 $74,467
05-FC-81-1149
161 Static Mixing Spacers for Spiral Wound Desalination Modules University of Toledo OH $93,454 $61,873
9 Development of an Advanced Transverse Flow Nanofiltration Membrane Process for High Performance Desalination Zenon Environmental, Inc., Burlington, Ontario ON
1425-4-CR-81-19870 / 1994
37 Development of an Advanced Transverse Flow Nanofiltration Membrane Process for High Performance Desalination Phase II Zenon Environmental, Inc., Burlington, Ontario ON $59,989 $25,700
1425-5-FC-81-20590 / 1995
98 Systems Development for Environmental Impact Assessment of Concentrate Disposal Portland State University, Portland OR $74,646 $0
01-FC-81-0785
132 Systems Development for Environmental Impact Assessment Portland State University, Portland OR $99,020 $0
04-FC-81-1061
40 Molecular Sieving Hollow Fiber Ceramic Membranes for Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration (RO/NF) Applications M&P Technology, Inc., Pittsburgh PA
1425-5-FC-81-20870 / 1995
111 Zero-Discharge Seawater Desalination: Integrating the Production of Fresh Water, Salt, Magnesium, and Bromine University of South Carolina, Columbia SC $100,000 $0
02-FC-81-0834
135 Pilot Testing of Zero-Discharge Seawater Desalination University of South Carolina, Columbia SC $150,000 $0
04-FC-81-1036 $120,000
6 Preliminary Research Study of a Water Desalination System for the East Montana Area Subdivisions of El Paso County, El Paso, Texas University of Texas, El Paso TX
1425-3-CR-81-19500 / 1993
32 Brackish Water Treatment and Concentrate Disposal for the Homestead Colonia El Paso, Texas University of Texas, El Paso TX $268,392
1425-5-FC-81-20700 / 1995
39 Wastewater Recovery from a Textile Bleach and Dye Operation, Bench Scale Evaluation Rice University, Houston TX
5-FC-60-06690 / 1995
26 Wastewater Reclamation Pilot Study City of McAllen TX
1425-96-FC-81-05012 / 1996
46 Salinity and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Removal Using Nanofiltration University of Texas, El Paso TX $44,840
1425-97-FC-81-30006E / 1997
81 Solar and Waste Heat Desalination by Membrane Distillation University of Texas, El Paso TX $124,873 $14,627
98-FC-81-0048 / 1998
80 Thermal Desalination Using MEMS and Salinity-Gradient Solar Pond Technology University of Texas, El Paso TX $124,989 $14,627
98-FC-81-0047 / 1998
51 Demonstration Testing of Zenogem and Reverse Osmosis for Indirect Potable Reuse City of McAllen TX $40,000 $310,800
98-FC-81-0073 /1998
89 Zero Discharge Waste Brine Management for Desalination Plants University of Texas, El Paso TX $49,500 $28,692
99-FC-81-0181
108 Development of a Brine Concentration Process Using Membrane Technology for High-Silica Brackish Water University of Texas, El Paso TX $100,000 $35,682
02-FC-81-0835
112 Using Oil Fields for the Disposal of Concentrate from Desalination Plants Texas Water Development Board TX $87,616 $94,937
03-FC-81-0919
129 Novel Fouling-Resistant Membranes for Water Purification University of Texas, TX $92,387 $12,171
04-FC-81-0952 Austin
125 Cost-Effective Volume Reduction of Silica-Saturated RO Concentrates El Paso Water Utilities, TX $96,919 $392,026
04-FC-81-1051 El Paso
139 Electrocoagulation Pretreatment for Microfiltration: An Innovative Combination to Enhance Water Quality and Reduce Fouling in Integrated Membrane Systems University of Houston, Houston TX $99,881 $47,900
05-FC-81-1172
143 Reduced Membrane Fouling Potential by Tailored Fluid/Structure Interaction Heat Transfer Research Inc., College Station TX $10,000 $30,000
05-FC-81-1155
146 Wind Power and Water Desalination Technology Integration Texas Tech University, Lubbock TX $99,970 $00,000
05-FC-81-1173
159 High-Volume Water Recovery from Silica-Saturated RO Concentrate using a Batch-Treatment Seawater RO System University of Texas, El Paso TX $149,999 $174,263
163 Aluminum Electrocoagulation and Electroflotation Pretreatment for Microfiltration: Fouling Reduction and Improvements in Filtered Water Quality University of Houston TX $150,000 $46,000
165 Zero Discharge Desalination Testing at BGNDRF University of Texas, El Paso TX $499,993 $335,463
53 Understanding Nitrate Pollution in Small and Native American Communities Utah State University, Logan UT
1425-97-FG-81-35024
131 Riverton City Desalination of Highly Mineralized Groundwater Riverton City Water Department, Riverton UT $46,877 $46,877
04-FC-81-1063
160 Zwitterion-Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Membranes for Desalination Applications Virginia Polytech VA $147,650 $23,354
144 Barriers to Thermal Desalination in the United States Water Consultants International, Mequon WI $35,038 $38,112
05-FC-81-1154
71 Demonstration of the Natural Freeze-Thaw Process for the Desalination of Water from the Devils Lake Chain to Provide Water for the City of Devils Lake B.C. Technologies Inc., Laramie WY $304,000 $645,000
98-FG-81-0065 / 1998