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Desalination and Water Purification Research Publications

Program Description || Solicitations || Published Reports || Results || Cost Share

Picture of reports This program has generated about 150 research reports.Each project must submit a detailed final technical report (guidelines in pdf and word).

This collection is a treasure trove of ideas concerning desalination. Reports are listed below.

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Report Title Performing Agency Date Report # See Also
Variable Salinity Source Water Desalination and factsheet Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO February 2014 176
Two-Pass Nanofiltration
Seawater Desalination Prototype
Testing and Evaluation
Long Beach Water Department; Long Beach, CA March 2013 158
Oil and Gas Produced Water Management and Beneficial Use in the Western United States

Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO

August 2011

157

Treatment of Concentrate

Mickley & Associates; Boulder, CO May-09 155 Concentrate Management, Decision Support
Water Reuse Study for Big, Bear California Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO Apr-08 154 Case Studies, Water Reuse
Subsurface System Intake Feasibility Assessment Municipal Water District of Orange County; Fountain Valley CA Sep-09 153 Ancillary Improvements, Seawater Desalination
Results of Drilling, Construction, Development, and Testing of Dana Point Ocean Desalination Project Test Slant Well Municipal Water District of Orange County; Fountain Valley CA Jan-09 152 Case Studies, Ancillary Improvements, Seawater Desalination
Research and Development for Horizontal/Angle Well Technology Municipal Water District of Orange County; Fountain Valley CA Oct-08 151 Case Studies, Ancillary Improvements, Seawater Desalination
Evaluation and Selection of Available Processes for a Zero-Liquid Discharge System for the Perris, California, Ground Water Basin Eastern Municipal Water District; Perris CA Apr-08 149 Concentrate Management
Halfway Wash Water Treatment Pilot Study Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO Aug-06 148 Case Studies
Evaluation of Newly Developed Membrane Bioreactor Systems for Water Reclamation Montgomery Watson Harza; Arcadia, CA Feb-09 147 Case Studies, Water Reuse
Wind Power and Water Desalination Technology Integration Texas Tech University; Lubbock TX Jul-09 146 Renewable Energy
Barriers to Thermal Desalination in the United States Water Consultants International Mar-08 144 Decision Support, Thermal
Reduced Membrane Fouling Potential by Tailored Fluid/Structure Interaction (abstract) Heat Transfer Research, Inc.; College Station TX May-08 143 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Optimization of Chemical Cleaning of Organic-Fouled Reverse Osmosis Membranes Yale University; New Haven CT Aug-09 141 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Use of Dendrimers to Enhance Selective Separation of Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membranes (abstract) Hydranautics; Oceanside CA Aug-09 140 Membrane-Membrane Development
Desalination Pretreatment Using Controlled-Chain PEG-Enhanced Cellulose Acetate Ultrafiltration Membranes University of Toledo; Toledo OH Jul-08 138 Material Characterization, Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Pretreatment and Design Considerations for Large-Scale Seawater Facilities(abstract) Reiss Environmental, Inc; Orlando FL Feb-08 137 Pretreatment, Seawater Desalination
Pilot Testing of Zero Discharge Seawater Desalination - Application to Selenium Removal from irrigation Drainage (abstracts) University of South Carolina Research Foundation; Columbia SC Apr-08 135 Seawater Desalination
Pilot-Scale Studies for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process (abstract) New Jersey Institute of Technology; Newark NJ Sep-09 134 Thermal, Case Studies
Multibeneficial Use of Produced Water Through High-Pressure Membrane Treatment and Capacitive Deionization Technology Colorado School of Mines; Golden CO Sep-09 133 Membrane-General Pretreatment, Electrical energy processes
Systems Development for Environmental Impact Assessment of Concentrate Disposal - Development of Density Current Simulation Models, Rule Base, and Graphic User Interface Portland State University; Portland OR Dec-07 132 Concentrate Management
Riverton City Desalination of Mineralized Ground Water Pilot Project Epic Engineering; West Valley City UT Apr-09 131 Electrical energy processes, Case Studies, Membranes
WTCost II: Modeling the Capital and Operating Costs of Thermal Desalination Processes Utilizing a Recently Developed Computer Program that Evaluates Membrane Desalting, Electrodialysis, and Ion Exchange Plants I. Moch and Associates; Wilmington, DE Feb-08 130 Decision Support
Novel Fouling Resistant Membranes for Water Purification (abstract) University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX Sep-08 129 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning, Material Characterization
Wind-Powered Reverse Osmosis Water Desalination for Pacific Islands and Remote Coastal Communities University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu HI Apr-09 128 Renewable Energy
Boron Rejection by Reverse Osmosis Membranes: National Reconnaissance and Mechanism Study Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA Jul-09 127 Membranes, Seawater Desalination
Cost-Effective Volume Reduction of Silica-Saturated RO Concentrate (abstract) University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso TX Feb-08 125 Concentrate Management, Case Studies
Membrane Concentrate Disposal: Practices and Regulation Mickley & Associates.; Boulder, CO Apr-06 123 Concentrate Management
The Role of Riverbank Filtration in Reducing the Costs of Impaired Water Desalination Carollo Engineers, P.C.; Broomfield, CO Apr-06 122 Pretreatment
Pilot Scale Testing of Membrane Desalination System Utilizing Novel Two-Phase Cleaning Technology (abstract) Novaflux Technologies; Princeton NJ May-08 121 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Dewvaporation Desalination 5,000 Gallon Per Day Pilot Plant L'Eau LLC; Tempe AZ Jun-08 120 Case Studies, Thermal
Reverse Osmosis Recovery Maximization(abstract) Carollo Engineers; Fountain Valley CA Mar-08 119 Concentrate Management, Case Studies
Evaluation of Biological Treatment for Perchlorate-Impaired Water Supplies(abstract) MWH; Pasadena, CA Jun-08 116 Water Supply
Industry Consortium Analysis of Large Diameter Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Element Diameters Dow Chemical Company Sep-04 114 Decision Support
Evaluation of Desalination on Waters Under the Influence of Surface Water Runoff for Pretreatment, Water Quality, and Pathogen Removal Performance Reiss Environmental.; Orlando, FL Sep-07 113 Membrane-General Pretreatment
Using Oil Fields for the Disposal of Concentrate from Desalination Plants: Please Pass the Salt Texas Water Development Board; Austin, TX Sep-05 112 Concentrate Management
Zero-Discharge Seawater Desalination: Integrating the Production of Fresh Water, Salt, Magnesium, and Bromine University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC May-06 111 Concentrate Management, Seawater Desalination
Impact of Magnetic Fields on RO Separation University of South Florida; Tampa, FL Oct-05 110 Electrical energy processes
deleted 109
Volume Reduction of High-Silica RO Concentrate Using Membranes and Lime Treatment Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, Texas Mar-04 108 Concentrate Management,Case Studies
An Expert System for Decision-making in the Use of Desalination for Augmenting Water Supplies (abstract) University of North Carolina.; Chapel Hill, NC Aug-08 107 Decision Support
Evaluation of Membrane Pretreatment for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Aqua Resources International; Evergreen, CO Oct-07 106 Pretreatment, Seawater Desalination
Photovoltaic Reverse Osmosis Desalination System ITN Energy Systems, Inc.; Littleton, CO May-04 104 Renewable Energy
deleted 105
Optimization of Various MBR Systems for Water Reclamation — Phase III City of San Diego Water DepartmentMontgomery Watson Harza Apr-04 103 Water Reuse, Case Studies
Predicting Membrane Flux Decline Using Parameters Derived from Field-Flow Fractionation Measurements Colorado School of Mines; Golden CO Jun-06 102 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Evaluation of Cleaning Spiral Wound Membrane Elements with the Two-Phase Flow Process (see also Report 121) Novaflux Technologies, Inc.; Princeton NJ Jun-03 101 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Membrane Process Optimization Technology PerLorica Inc; Grass Valley CA Aug-03 100 Ancillary Improvements
deleted 99
Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process: Phase III New Jersey Institute of Technology; Neward NJ Mar-08 99 Thermal
Systems Development for Environmental Impact Assessment of Concentrate Disposal Oregon Health and Science University; Beaverton OR Jul-03 98 Concentrate Management
Comparison of Advanced Treatment Methods for Partial Desalting of Tertiary Effluents Montgomery Watson Harza; Pasadena CA Sep-09 97 Water Reuse
Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process - Phase II New Jersey Institute of Technology; Newark NJ Jul-03 96 Thermal
Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap - A Report of the Executive Committee Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO; Sandia National Laboratories; Albuquerque NM; Jan-03 95 Decision Support
Deleted 94
Deleted 93
Carrier Gas Enhanced Atmospheric Pressure Desalination Arizona State University; Tempe AZ Oct-02 92 Thermal
Evaluation of Reverse Osmosis Scaling Prevention Devices at High Recovery Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO and Yuma AZ; Burns and Roe Services Corporation; Yuma AZ Mar-03 91 Pretreatment
Pilot Investigation of Slow Sand Filtration and Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Central Arizona Project Water Report Appendices Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO & Phoenix AZ Aug-02 90 Pretreatment
Zero Waste Brine Management for Desalination Plant University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso TX Dec-02 89 Case Studies, Concentrate Management
Treatment of Wastewaters for Water Reuse by a Catalytic Sonochemical Process - Phase II University of Delaware, Newark, DE May-06 88 Water Reuse, Case Studies
Novel Membrane and Device for Direct Contact Membrane Distillation-Based Desalination Process New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ Mar-01 87 Thermal
Deleted 86
Evaluation of Precipitative Fouling for Colorado River Water Desalination using RO Metropolitan Water District of Southern California; Los Angeles CA Dec-02 85 Concentrate Management
84
Membrane Fouling: Influence of Natural Organic Matter Rensselaer Polytechnical Institute; Troy NY Sep-02 83 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Deleted 82
Solar and Waste Heat Desalination by Membrane Distillation University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX Apr-04 81 Thermal
Thermal Desalination Using MEMS & Salinity-Gradient Solar Pond Technology University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso, TX Aug-02 80 Concentrate Management, Thermal
Biological Pretreatment for Membrane Systems Montana State University; Bozeman, MT Apr-03 79 Pretreatment
Improving the Thermodynamic and Economic Efficiencies of Desalination Plants: Minimum Work Required for Desalination and Case Studies of Four Working Plants University of Nevada; Reno, NV Nov-03 78 Ancillary Improvements, Decision Support, Case Studies, Energy
Removal of Heavy Metals from Water with Microalgal Resins - II. Bench Scale Testing CLF Technologies; Denver, CO Nov-97 76 Water Supply, Pretreatment
Biological Stability of Drinking Water Through Ozonation at the Croton Water Supply in New York City Bureau of Water Supply, Quality, and Protection of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection; New York, NY Jun-08 75 Water Supply, Case Studies
Removal of Heavy Metals from Water with Microalgal Resins - I. Process Development CLF Technologies; Denver, CO Oct-96 74 Water Supply, Pretreatment
Application of Electret Technology to Low Cost Desalination University of Denver; Denver CO Jun-02 73 Electrical energy processes
Desalting Handbook for Planners RosTek Assoc., Inc.; Tampa FL; DSS Consulting, Inc.; Blue Ridge GA; Aqua Resources International, Inc.; Evergreen CO Dec-02 72 Decision Support
Demonstration of the Natural Freeze-Thaw Process for the Desalination of Water from the Devils Lake Chain to Provide Water for the City of Devils Lake B.C. Technologies, Inc.; Laramie WY; University of North Dakota; Grand Forks ND Aug-02 71 Freezing
Microbubble Treatment of Gas Supersaturated Water ARCADIS G&M, Inc.; Highlands Ranch, CO Dec-01 70 Water Supply
Membrane Concentrate Disposal: Practices and Regulations Concentrate database Mickley & Associates; Boulder, CO Sep-01 69 Concentrate Management
Water Treatment Primer for Communities in Need Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO Updated 2010, originally Sep-09 68 Decision Support, Water Supply
Report to Congress - Desalination & Water Purification Research & Development Program USBR; Denver, CO May-01 67 Decision Support
Initial Evaluation of the Subfloor Water Intake System Structure (SWISS) vs. Conventional Multimedia Pretreatment Techniques Pacific Research Group; Ventura, CA May-01 66 Ancillary Improvements, Seawater Desalination
Evaluation of the Port Hueneme Demonstration Plant Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO May-01 65 Case Studies, Membranes, Electrical energy processes
Desalination Research and Development Workshop Report National Water Research Institute; Fountain Valley, CA; USBR; Denver, CO Jan-01 64 Decision Support, Energy
AWWARF/Reclamation Membrane Workshop American Water Works Association Research Foundation and USBR; Denver, CO Jul-00 63 Decision Support
VARI-RO™ Desalting Pilot Plant Advancement Project Testing & Evaluation Science Applications International Corp.; San Diego, CA May-01 62 Ancillary Improvements
Polyamide Reverse Osmosis Membrane Fouling and Its Prevention: Oxidation-Resistant Membrane Development, Membrane Surface Smoothing, and Enhanced Membrane Hydrophilicity Separations Systems Technology, Inc.; San Diego, CA; Orange County Water District; Fountain Valley, CA Nov-00 61 Membrane-Membrane Development, Material Characterization
Membrane Bioreactors for Water Repurification-Phase II City of San Diego; San Diego CA; Metropolitan Wastewater-Public Works; San Diego CA Nov-00 60 Water Reuse, Case Studies
Investigation of High Freezing Temperature, Zero Ozone, and Zero Global Warming Potential Clathrate Formers for Desalination Thermal Energy Storage, Inc.; San Diego, CA Jun-00 59 Freezing
Microfiltration with Rapid Backpulsing and Surface Modified Membranes University of Colorado; Boulder, CO Aug-00 58 Membrane-General Pretreatment
Deleted 57
Growing the U.S. Water Supply Through Purification Technologies Bureau of Reclamation 2000 56
Evaluation of Methods for Monitoring the Integrity of Reverse Osmosis Membrane Systems Bureau of Reclamation; Denver, CO Apr-00 55 Ancillary Improvements
Evaluation of Two Concentrate Disposal Alternatives for the Phoenix Metropolitan Area: Evaporation Ponds and Discharge to the Gulf of California Bureau of Reclamation: Denver CO; for the Sub-Regional Operating Group of the Arizona Municipal Water Users Association Mar-00 54 Concentrate Management, Case Studies
Understanding Nitrate Pollution in Small and Native American Communities Utah State University; Logan UT Aug-02 53 Water Supply
Innovative Atmospheric Pressure Desalination Arizona State University; Tempe AZ Dec-99 52 Thermal
Demonstration Testing of ZenoGem™ and Reverse Osmosis for Indirect Potable Reuse CH2M Hill; Tempe AZ May-02 51 Water Reuse, Case Studies
Photocatalytic Process for Silver Recovery and Wash Water Reuse Illinois Institute of Technology; Chicago IL Jun-00 50 Water Reuse
Evaluation of Flow Fields in Wetlands Using Physical Models Arizona State University; Tempe AZ May-02 49 Water Supply
Treatment of Wastewaters for Water Reuse by a Catalytic Sonochemical Process (Still under review) University of Delaware, Feb-11 48 Electrical energy processes
Improvements in Wastewater Treatment at the Leadville Mine Tunnel New Mexico State University; Las Cruces NM Jun-02 47 Case Studies, Water Reuse
Salinity and TOC Removal Using Nanofiltration University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso TX Aug-02 46 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning, Case Studies
New Design Channel Feed Spacer in Spiral Wound Elements for Pretreatment Cost Reduction Desalination Systems, Inc.; Minnetonka MN Sep-98 45 Ancillary Improvements
A Resistance Model for Evaluating Interactions Between Natural Organic Matter (NOM) and Membranes at Different Scales of Operation Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO; University of Colorado, Boulder CO Sep-99 44 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Water Treatment Estimation Routine (WaTER) User Manual USBR; Denver CO; NIST; Boulder, CO Aug-99 43 Decision Support
Study of Wastewater Reclamation Using Backwashable Capillary Ultrafiltration and Encapsulated Reverse Osmosis Membrane Modules Hydranautics; Oceanside CA Jun-99 42 Water Reuse
Arsenic Removal from Water Using Manganese Greensand: Laboratory Scale Batch and Column Studies New Mexico State University; Las Cruces NM Jun-99 41 Water Supply, Pretreatment
Molecular Sieving Hollow Fiber Ceramic Membranes for Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Membranes Media and Process Technology, Inc.; Pittsburg PA Feb-97 40 Membrane-Membrane Development
Wastewater Recovery from a Textile Bleach and Dye Operation, Bench Scale Evaluation Rice University; Houston TX Dec-98 39 Water Reuse
National Facilities Survey - Part 2 Separation Consultants, Inc; Poway CA Jan-97 38 Decision Support
Development of an Advanced Transverse Flow Nanofiltration and Membrane Process for High Performance Desalination-Phase II ZENON Environmental, Inc.; Burlington, Ontario Nov-98 37 Membrane-Membrane Development
Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Central Arizona Project Water for the City of Tucson Tucson Water Department, Tucson AZ; USBR; Denver CO Jan-04 36 Case Studies
Halophyte Crops and a Sand-Bed Solar Concentrator to Reduce and Recycle Industrial, Desalination and Agricultural Brines University of Arizona; Tucson AZ; Texas A&M University; El Paso TX Dec-98 35 Concentrate Management
Membrane Bioreactors for Water Purification-Phase I City of San Diego; San Diego CA; Metropolitan Wastewater-Public Works; San Diego CA Aug-98 34 Water Reuse
VARI-RO™ Direct Drive Engine Study (Draft) Final Technical Report Science Applications International Corp.; San Diego CA Sep-98 33 Ancillary Improvements
Brackish Groundwater Treatment and Concentrate Disposal for the Homestead Colonia El Paso, Texas University of Texas at El Paso; El Paso TX Apr-99 32 Concentrate Management
Build and Operate a Clathrate Desalination Pilot Plant Thermal Energy Storage, Inc.; San Diego CA May-98 31 Freezing
VARI-RO™ Desalting Pilot Plant Testing and Evaluation, Final Technical Report Science Applications International Corp; San Diego CA May-98 30 Ancillary Improvements
The Desalting and Water Treatment Membrane Manual, A Guide to Membranes for Municipal Water Treatment, 2nd Edition Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO May-98 29 Decision Support
Microfiltration with Rapid Backpulsing and Surface-Modified Membranes University of Colorado; Boulder CO Sep-99 28 Membrane-General Pretreatment
The Algal-Bacterial Selenium Removal System for Treatment of Irrigation Drainage Water: Demonstration Facility Interim Studies University of California-Berkeley; Berkeley, CA Nov-99 27 Water Reuse
Wastewater Reclamation Pilot Study City of McAllen, Texas, WWTP No. 2S CH2M Hill; Tempe AZ Dec-97 26 Water Reuse
Research Opportunities at the Yuma Water Quality Improvement Center Summary Report of a Joint Reclamation/ADA Seminar, Yuma AZ Jan-97 25 Decision Support
Survey of U.S. Costs and Water Rates for Desalination and Membrane Softening Plants Leitner & Associates, Inc; Florida and Connecticut Jun-97 24 Decision Support
Evaluation of the Natural Freeze-Thaw Process for the Desalination of Groundwater from the Dakota Aquifer to Provide Water for Grand Forks, North Dakota B.C. Technologies, Ltd.; Laramie WY and Energy & Environmental Research Center, University of North Dakota; Grand Forks ND Sep-99 23 Freezing
Enhancement of Membrane Fouling Resistance through Surface Modification Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO Mar-97 22 Material Characterization
Deleted 21
Deleted 20
Water Reuse Research Needs Assessment Workshop Summary Report of a Reclamation Workshop at the ADA Conference in Monterey, CA Aug-96 19 Water Reuse
Novel Membrane Process with Rapid Backpulsing for Water Treatment University of Colorado; Boulder CO Nov-96 18 Membrane-General Pretreatment
Membrane Element Autopsy Manual Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO Dec-96 17 Membrane-Fouling and Cleaning
Eastern Municipal Water District RO Treatment/Saline Vegetated Wetlands Pilot Study Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO Apr-96 16 Concentrate Management, Case Studies
Maricopa Ground Water Treatment Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO Feb-96 15 Membrane-specific contaminants, Electrical energy processes, Case Studies
Brighton ED Testing with Asahi Monovalent Membranes D&N Engineering; Lakewood CO Sep-95 14 Electrical energy processes, Case Studies
Desalting as an Environmentally Friendly Water Treatment Process Summary Report of an ADA Seminar, Palm Beach, FL Sep-94 13 Decision Support
National Facilities Survey - Part 1 Separation Consultants, Inc; Poway CA Sep-94 12 Decision Support
Reduced Energy Consumption Evaporator for Use in Desalting Impaired Waters Water Reuse Technology; Alamo CA Dec-94 11 Thermal, Energy
Zeta Potential for Reverse Osmosis Membranes: Implications for Membrane Performance and Feed Water Treatment University of California at Los Angeles Dec-96 10 Material Characterization
Development of an Advanced Transverse Flow Nanofiltration Membrane Process for High Performance Desalination ZENON Environmental, Inc.; Burlington, Ontario, Canada Jun-95 9 Membrane-Membrane Development
Lake Havasu City Water Treatment Study Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO Apr-95 8 Membrane-Membrane-specific contaminants, Pretreatment, Case Studies
Preliminary Research Study for the Construction of a Pilot Cogeneration Desalination Plant in Southern California Supersystems, Inc.; Irvine CA May-95 7 Decision Support
DELETED 6
Clathrate Desalination Plant, Preliminary Research Study Thermal Energy Systems, Inc.; San Diego CA Jun-95 5 Freezing
VARI-RO™ 'Low Energy' Desalting for the San Diego Region Science Applications International Corp., San Diego CA Jun-95 4 Ancillary Improvements
Nanofiltration of a High Salinity Groundwater on the Hopi Reservation Northern Arizona University; Flagstaff AZ May-95 3 Case Studies
National Desalting and Water Treatment Needs Survey Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO May-93 2 Decision Support, Water Supply
The Desalting and Water Treatment Membrane Manual: A Guide to Membranes for Municipal Water Treatment Bureau of Reclamation; Denver CO and Boulder City NV Sep-93 1 Decision Support

Disclaimer
The views, analysis, recommendations, and conclusions on this website are those of the authors and do not represent official or unofficial policies or opinions of the United States Government, and the United States takes no position with regard to any findings, conclusions, or recommendations made. As such, mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute their endorsement by the United States Government.