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Rio Grande Project
Rio Grande Project | Project History | Project Data | Contact Information

Project Data
Land Areas (1992)
Area Irrigated and Crop Value

 

  

Project # 23

Land Areas (1992)
Irrigable area:
Full Irrigation Service159,942 acres
Supplemental Service18,342 acres
Temporary Irrigation Service0 acres
Number of Irrigated Farms4,334
Residential, Commercial, Industrial Lands18,273 acres
Total Irrigable Lands196,557 acres

 

Population Served:
Farm Population Served27,907
Non-Farm Population Served538,273
Total Population Served566,180

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Area Irrigated and Crop Value
YearActual Area Irrigated (Acres)Crop Value (Dollars)
1983135,934150,879,263
1984140,941125,048,693
1985139,182153,358,760
1986138,591144,967,409
1987140,068153,701,514
1988142,454146,407,375
1989143,456160,692,757
1990141,231179,190,484
1991144,253204,534,004
1992145,866210,261,885

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Project Water Supply

Current Conditions

Streamflow Forecast Map

Spring and Summer (NRCS)

Snowpack Information

Mountain Snowpack Maps for Colorado, Rio Grande, and Arkansas Rivers

Drought Index

Palmer Drought Index Map


Annual Precipitation
Normal9.53 in
Maximum - 19861.41 in
Minimum - 19705.07 in
Socorro, New Mexico 1961-1990 

 

Temperature
Mean Annual57.5 ?F
Daily Maximum - 06/26/1994109 ?F
Daily Minimum - 11/29/1976-13 ?F
Socorro, New Mexico 1914-1996 
Growing Season247 days
Elevation of irrigable area3,500 - 4,100 ft

 

Rio Grande
Drainage area at San Marcial, New Mexico24,760 mi2
At Elephant Butte Reservoir25,960 mi2
At Caballo Reservoir27,260 mi2
Annual discharge at San Marcial, New Mexico 
Maximumacre-ft
Minimumacre-ft
Averageacre-ft

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Project Water Quality

Caballo

Elephant Butte Reservoir

El Paso - Las Crucas

Rio Grande - Albuquerque

Rio Grande - Fort Quitman

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Facilities in Operation
Storage Dams2
Canal Protection Dams4
Diversion Dams5
Canals141 mi
Laterals462 mi
Drains457 mi
Powerplants1

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Storage Facilities

Caballo Dam

Elephant Butte Dam

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Canal Protection Facilities

Lucero Dike

Picacho North Dam

Picacho South Dam

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Diversion Facilities
Type:Rock-faced earthfill
LocationOn Percha Arroyo, 1 mile west of Caballo Dam.
Year Completed1939
Dimensions: 
Structural height29 ft
Hydraulic height19 ft
Total crest length2,489 ft
Crest elevation4,200.0 ft
Volume193,000 yd3
SpillwayNone
HeadworksFlood diversion channel, no gates, highway bridge drop chute into Caballo Reservoir.
Diversion capacity30,000 cfs

Dike constructed to divert storm runoff into Caballo Reservoir; no direct connection with irrigation system.

Type:Concrete ogee weir, embankment wings
LocationOn the Rio Grande, about 2 miles south of Caballo Dam.
Year Completed1918
Dimensions: 
Structural height18.5 ft
Hydraulic height8 ft
Weir crest length350 ft
Total crest length2,720 ft
Crest elevation4,103.0 ft
Volume43,000 yd3
SpillwayOverflow weir, 2 radial sluice gates, each 20 ft by 8 ft.
HeadworksRincon Valley Main Canal headworks at west abutment: 8 slide gates, each 4.3 ft by 3.75 ft.
Diversion capacity350 cfs

 

Rincon Valley Main Canal headworks at west abutment: 8 slide gates, each 4.3 ft by 3.75 ft.
Type:Concrete ogee weir, embankment wings
LocationOn the Rio Grande, about 15 miles northwest of Las Cruces, New Mexico.
Year Completed1907 Crest raised 1.25 ft in1919
Dimensions: 
Structural height10 ft
Hydraulic height7 ft
Weir crest length600 ft
Total crest length2,865 ft
Crest elevation3,922.3 ft
Volume22,500 yd3
SpillwayOverflow weir, 3 slide sluice gates, each 5 ft by 8 ft.
Capacity17,000 cfs
HeadworksLeasburg Canal headworks at abutment; 7 slide gates 5 ft by 6.75 ft.
Diversion capacity625 cfs

 

Type:Concrete weir, radial gate structure
LocationOn the Rio Grande, 6 miles south of Las Cruces, New Mexico.
Year Completed1916. Crest raised 1.66 ft in 1940.
Dimensions: 
Structural height22 ft
Hydraulic height10 ft
Weir crest length303 ft
Crest elevation3,819.8 ft
Volume2,900 yd3
SpillwayNine radial gates, each 21.58 ft by 6 ft; 4 radial gates, each 21.58 ft by 8.42 ft.
Capacity15,000 cfs
HeadworksCanal headworks at each abutment. 8 slide gates, each 4.33 ft by 3.75 ft at west end; 6 slide gates, each 4.33 ft by 3.75 ft at east end.
Diversion capacity 
West side650 cfs
East side300 cfs

 

Type:Radial gate structure between river levees
LocationOn the Rio Grande near El Paso, Texas.
Year Completed1938
Dimensions: 
Structural height18 ft
Hydraulic height5 ft
Weir crest length286 ft
Crest elevation3,683.5 ft
Volume2,900 yd3
SpillwayThirteen radial gates, each 20 ft by 7.5 ft.
Capacity312,000 cfs
HeadworksAmerican Canal headworks at east abutment; 2 radial gates, each 20 ft by 11 ft.
Diversion capacity1,200 cfs

American Diversion Dam and Canal constructed and operated by American Section, International Boundary and Water Commission, United States-Mexico, for diversion and allocation of water in accordance with treaty between the United States and Mexico.

These are flood discharges which the International Boundary and Water Commission is using for the Rio Grande Channelization Project at the indicated points and are not necessarily the maximum which the dams will pass safely, nor which they were designed to pass.

Type:Concrete weir, radial gate structure
LocationOn the Rio Grande, 15 miles southeast of El Paso, Texas.
Year Completed1928
Dimensions: 
Structural height17.5 ft
Hydraulic height8 ft
Weir crest length267 ft
Crest elevation3,621.1 ft
Volume2,500 yd3
SpillwaySix radial gates, each 16 ft by 8.17 ft, overflow weir.
Capacity11,000 cfs
HeadworksRiverside Canal headworks at east abutment; 5 radial gates, each 16 ft by 6 ft.
Diversion capacity900 cfs

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Carriage Facilities
Rincon Valley Main Canal
LocationFrom Percha Diversion Dam generally southeast along the Rio Grande.
Construction period1916-1919
Length27.1 mi
Diversion capacity350 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width22 ft
Side slopes2:1
Water depth4.2 ft
Typical section, concrete lined: 
Bottom width14 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth4.2 ft
Lining thickness4 in

 

Garfield Flume - Rincon Valley Main Canal
Type:Steel truss structure carrying twin barrels.
LocationAcross the Rio Grande, about 4 miles south of Percha Diversion Dam.
Construction period1917-1918
Length800 ft
DiameterNo. 156 Hess flume
Capacity320 cfs

 

Hatch Siphon - Rincon Valley Main Canal
Type:Reinforced concrete
LocationAcross the Rio Grande, about 13 miles south of Percha Diversion Dam.
Construction period1918
Length650 ft
Diameter6 ft
Capacity200 cfs

 

Rincon Siphon - Rincon Valley Main Canal
Type:Reinforced concrete
LocationAcross the Rio Grande, about 21 miles south of Percha Diversion Dam.
Construction period1918-1919
Length550 ft
Diameter5 ft
Capacity150 cfs

 

Leasburg Canal
LocationFrom Leasburg Diversion Dam on the Rio Grande about 15 miles northwest of Las Cruces, New Mexico, generally southeast along the river.
Construction periodFirst 6 miles: 1906-1908; Extended to 11 miles in 1915-1916. Constructed to present length and capacity in 1921-1922
Length13.7 mi
Diversion capacity625 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width34 ft
Side slopes1:1
Water depth4 ft

 

East Side Canal
LocationFrom Mesilla Diversion Dam on the Rio Grande River 6 miles south of Las Cruces, generally southeast along the river.
Construction periodFirst 10.5 miles: 1914-1915. Constructed to present length and capacity in 1918-1919
Length13.5 mi
Diversion capacity300 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width24 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth3.2 ft

 

West Side Canal
LocationFrom Mesilla Diversion Dam on the Rio Grande about 6 miles south of Las Cruces, generally southeast along the river.
Construction periodFirst 14.4 miles: 1914-1915. Constructed to present length and capacity in 1920
Length27.9 mi
Diversion capacity650 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width52 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth3 ft
Typical section, concrete lined: 
Bottom width52 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth3 ft
Lining thickness4 in

 

American Canal
LocationFrom American Diversion Dam near El Paso, southeast along the Rio Grande to beginning of Franklin Canal.
Construction period1937-1938
Length2.1 mi
Diversion capacity1,200 cfs
Typical section, concrete lined: 
Bottom width12 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth8.75 ft
Lining thickness3 in

 

Franklin Canal
LocationFrom end of American Canal, near El Paso, generally southeast along the Rio Grande.
Construction periodPrivately constructed in 1889-1890. Purchased by Reclamation in 1912, and enlarged in 1914-1915
Length30.5 mi
Diversion capacity325 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width24 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth5 ft
Typical section, concrete lined: 
Bottom width16 ft
Side slopes0.5:1
Water depth5 ft
Lining thickness4 in

 

Riverside Canal
LocationFrom Riverside heading on the Rio Grande near Yselta, Texas, generally southeast along the river.
Construction period1927-1940
Length17.1 mi
Diversion capacity900 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width84 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth4 ft

 

Tornillo Canal
LocationFrom end of Riverside Canal near Fabens, Texas, generally southeast along the Rio Grande.
Construction period1922-1924
Length12 mi
Diversion capacity325 cfs
Typical section in earth: 
Bottom width26 ft
Side slopes1.5:1
Water depth5.4 ft

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Power Facilities

Elephant Butte Powerplant

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Last updated: May 16, 2011