Bureau of Reclamation Banner
Reclamation Home             Reclamation Offices             Newsroom             Library             Projects & Facilities

Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion

FCRPS Home | Hydrosystem | Hatcheries | Tributary Habitat Program | Tributary Habitat RME | Fish Accords
Grand Coulee Dam

The Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) is comprised of a series of hydropower projects in the Columbia Basin located on the mainstem Columbia River and in several of its major tributaries that provide about one third of the electricity used in the Pacific Northwest. The Bureau of Reclamation manages two facilities, Grand Coulee and Hungry Horse dams, and the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) manages12 facilities that are included in the FCRPS Biological Opinion (BiOp).

The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) markets the power generated from the federal projects and distributes power from both the federal and non-federal projects through its transmission system. The revenues collected cover the cost of operating and maintaining the projects and contribute to the region's efforts to protect and rebuild fish and wildlife populations in the Columbia Basin.

Learn more about the 2014 Final Supplemental FCRPS Biological Opinion>>

FCRPS and the ESA
The operation of the FCRPS affects 13 species of Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead listed for protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). In addition, two native stocks (bull trout and sturgeon) are affected by the federal dams. map>>

The ESA requires the three agencies that operate the FCRPS, called the FCRPS Action Agencies (Action Agencies), to ensure that their actions are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of a listed species, nor result in the destruction of critical habitat. The Action Agencies consult with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries on the management of the FCRPS. NOAA Fisheries issues biological opinions on the operation and maintenance of the FCRPS. The Action Agencies also consult with the US Fish and Wildlife Service on hydrosystem impacts to sturgeon and bull trout.

The Action Agencies are currently operating under the 2008/2010 FCRPS BiOp issued by NOAA, working closely with the affected states and 13 tribes. The biological opinion includes hydrosystem, harvest, hatchery, predator control, tributary and estuary habitat, and research, monitoring, and evaluation (RME) actions to avoid jeopardy and destruction of critical habitat by improving salmon and steelhead survival. Reclamation implements those BiOp actions associated with Grand Coulee and Hungry Horse dams.
The Federal Caucus
Reclamation participates in the Federal Caucus, a group of ten agencies with natural resource responsibilities in the Columbia River Basin. Visit http://www.salmonrecovery.gov for information about the Federal Caucus and its activities to protect and recover ESA-listed species in the Columbia River Basin.
Related Documents
11/2014 2013 Annual Progress Report on FCRPS BiOp Implementation HTML
11/2013 2013 Citizen Update Annual Progress Report on FCRPS BiOp Implementation PDF
01/2014 Inland Avian Predation Management Plan, EA, and FONSI PDF 22.73 mb
01/2014 2014 Final Supplemental FCRPS Biological Opinion HTML
01/2014 Final 2014-2018 Implementation Plan HTML
01/2014 2013 Comprehensive Evaluation HTML
09/2013 2013 Draft FCRPS Supplemental Biological Opinion PDF 4.43 mb
07/2011 Draft Climate and Hydrology Datasets for Use in the River Management Joint Operating Committee Agencies’ Longer-Term Planning Studies – Part IV Summary HTML
06/2010 2010-13 FCRPS Biological Opinion Implementation Plan PDF
06/2010 2010 Supplemental Decision Document
FOLLOWING NOAA FISHERIES’ MAY, 2010 Endangered Species Act Section 7(1)(2) Consultation Supplemental BIOLOGICAL OPINION
PDF 1.15 mb
05/2010 2008/2010 Supplemental FCRPS Biological Opinion HTML
09/2009 FCRPS Adaptive Management Implementation Plan HTML
08/2009 Record of Decision: Upper Columbia Alternative Flood Control and Fish Operations EIS HTML
09/2008 Decision Document: 2008 NOAA Fisheries FCRPS Biological Opinion PDF 389 kb
05/2008 2008 NOAA Fisheries FCRPS/Upper Snake Biological Opinions HTML
09/2007 2007 FCRPS Biological Assessment and Comprehensive Analysis HTML
09/2007 2007 Upper Snake Biological Assessment HTML
  Upper Snake Irrigation Project Flow Augmentation HTML
04/2006 Upper Columbia Alternative Flood Control & Fish Operations EIS HTML
02/2002 Lower Snake River Juvenile Salmon Migration Feasibility Study HTML
12/2000 2000 Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Opinion on Effects to Listed Species from Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System HTML
12/1999 Multispecies Biological Assessment of the FCRPS PDF 548kb
Related Links
Bonneville Power Administration
Federal Caucus (www.salmonrecovery.gov)
Fish Passage Center
National Marine Fisheries Service
US Army Corps of Engineers
US Fish and Wildlife Service
Public Affairs Office
(208) 378-5101

Bureau of Reclamation
Pacific Northwest Region
Columbia/Snake Salmon Recovery Office
1150 N Curtis Road, Suite 100
Boise, Idaho 83706

Last Update: April 9, 2015 10:04 AM