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Water Treatment Group

Water Treatment Group Publications

Publications, patents, and proceedings by Group members.

PAPERS

Benko, K., J. Pellegrino, M.K. Price, "Measurement of water permeation kinetics across reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes; Apparatus development ," Journal of Membrane Science , Vol. 270, pp. 187-195, 2006

Bagwell, T.H., M.K. Price, "The Interagency Consortium for Desalination and Membrane Separation Research," Desalination, Vol. 99, pp. 195-200, 1994

Boegli, W.J., S.H. Suemoto, K.M. Trompeter, "Geothermal Desalting at the East Mesa Test Site," Desalination, 22:77-90, 1977

Boegli, W.J., J. Thullen, "Eastern Municipal Water District RO Treatment/Saline Vegetated Wetlands Pilot Study," Currents, Bureau of Reclamation, Research and Laboratory Services Division, Denver, CO, 1994

Chapman Wilbert, M., J. Pellegrino, A. Zydney, "Bench-Scale Testing of Surfactant Modified Reverse Osmosis/Nanofiltration Membranes," Desalination, Vol. 115, pp. 15-32, 1998

Henthorne, L.H., "Eleven Biocides are Investigated for Microbial Efficacy and Membrane Compatibility to Use at the Yuma Desalting Plant," Proceedings of the International Desalination Conference, Yokohama, Japan, November, 1993, Desalination, Vol. 97, 1994

Hightower, S., L. Bronicki, "Installation and Operation of the First 100kW Solar Pond Powerplant in the United States," The First International Progress in Solar Ponds Conference, Cuernavaca, Mexico, pp. 179-185, March, 1987.

Hightower, S., "Solar Pond Cogeneration Power Systems," The Second International Progress in Solar Ponds Conference, Rome, Italy, pp. 369-375, May, 1990 .

Hightower, S., K. Price, L. Henthorne, "The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation's Research Programs in Water Treatment and Desalting Technologies," Proceedings from the United States/Middle East Joint Seminar on Desalination Technology, April, 1994, Desalination, Vol. 99, 1994

Hsuan, Y.G., M.A. Lichtwardt, L.K. Konrath, A.I. Comer, "Lessons Learned from the Failures of Two Geomembranes Used in a Solar Pond," Geosynthetic Lessons Learned, currently in print

Jorgensen, E. "Feasibility of membrane concentrate disposal using enhanced evaporation systems" AMTA Water Quality Solutions, Spring 2005.

Lichtwardt, M., H. Remmers, "Solar-Powered Water Treatment for Remote Sites and Communities," January 1996

Lichtwardt, M., L. Henthorne, "Long-Term Storage Materials Compatibility Testing of Three Biocides for the Yuma Desalting Plant," American Desalting Association Conference, Monterey CA, August 1996.

Lichtwardt, M., A. Comer, "Geosynthetics in a Salinity-Gradient Solar Pond Environment," Geosynthetics '97 Conference, Long Beach CA, March 1997; (Reprinted in GFR Magazine, April 1997)

Lichtwardt, M.A., H.E. Remmers, "Photovoltaic Electrodialysis Reversal Technology," Providing Safe Drinking Water in Small Systems: Technology, Operations, and Economics, NSF International, CRC Press, pp. 249-255, 1999

Murphy, A.P., "Removal of Selenate from Water by Chemical Reduction," Industrial and Engineering Chemical Research, Vol. 27, pp.187-191, 1988

Murphy, A.P., "A Water Process for Selenium Removal," Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation, pp. 361-362, 1989

Murphy, A.P., W.J. Boegli, M.K. Price, C.D. Moody, "A Fenton-like Reaction to Neutralize Formaldehyde Waste Solutions," Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 23, pp.166-169, 1989

Murphy, A.P., "Accelerated Deacetylation of Cellulose Acetate by Metal Salts with Aqueous Chlorine," Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol. 63, pp. 177-180, 1991

Murphy, A.P., "Cellulose Acetate: Interactions with Aqueous Phenol and a Transition Temperature of About 20 oC," Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 43, pp. 234-240, 1991

Murphy, A.P., "Discovery of a Chemical Denitrification Process," Nature, Vol. 350, pp. 223-226, 1991

Murphy, A.P., "Deterioration of Cellulose Acetate by Transition Metal Salts in Aqueous Chlorine," Desalination, 85, pp. 45-52, 1991

Murphy, A.P., C.D. Moody, L.R. Rowley, "Selenium Contaminated Waters," Channels, US Bureau of Reclamation, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1991

Murphy, A.P., M.K. Price, "Synthesis of Tropolones from Phenolics on Membrane Surfaces," Ultrapure, pp. 22-26, March, 1992

Murphy, A.P., L.H. Rowley, C.D. Moody, "Dilute Aqueous Formaldehyde Oxidation with Hypochlorous Acid," Desalination, Vol. 91, pp. 199-208, 1993

Murphy, A.P., "Preserving Aqueous Field Samples with Acid or Base," NASA Tech Briefs, May, 1991

Murphy, A.P., C.D. Moody, "Deterioration of Cellulose Acetate by Iron Salts, Oxygen, and Organics," Ultrapure, pp. 19-22, January, 1997

Murphy, A.P., M.A. Lichtwardt, S. Bisgaard, "Novel Methods for Generating and Treating Air Supersaturated Water," 1998 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Washington, DC, June 21-25, 1998

Needham, P.B., W.D. Riley, G.R. Conner, A.P. Murphy, "Chemical Analyses of Brines From Four Imperial Valley, CA, Geothermal Wells," Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal, April, 1980

Reid, R.L., A.H.P. Swift, W.J. Boegli, B.A. Castaneda, V.R. Kane, "Design, Construction, and Initial Operation of a 3355 m2 Solar Pond in El Paso, Texas," Solar Engineering - 1986, pp. 304-315 and ASME Press, New York, NY, 1986

Remmers, H.E., M.A. Lichtwardt, "Applying Solar Technologies to Improve Water Quality at a Remote Navajo Community," Currents, Bureau of Reclamation, Research and Laboratory Services Division, 1994

Rowley, L.H., "A Screening Study of 12 Biocides for Potential Use with Cellulose Acetate Reverse Osmosis Membranes," Desalination, Vol. 88, 1992

Sisneros, D., M.A. Lichtwardt, T. Greene, "Low-Dose Metering of Endothall for Aquatic Plant Control in Flowing Water," Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, Vol. 36, 1998

Swift, A.H.P., R.L. Reid, W.J. Boegli, M.P. Sewell, "Operational Results for a 3355 m2 Solar Pond in El Paso, Texas," Solar Engineering - 1987, pp. 287-293 and ASME Press, New York, NY, 1987

Swift, A.H.P., R.L. Reid, W.J. Boegli, "Operation of a Solar Pond in El Paso, Texas for the Supply of Industrial Process Heat and Electricity," The First International Progress in Solar Ponds Conference, Cuernavaca, Mexico, pp. 195-200, March, 1987

Zingaro, R.A., D.C. Dufner, A.P. Murphy, C.D. Moody, "Reduction of Oxoselenium Anions by Iron (II) Hydroxide," Environmental International, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 299-304, 1997

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PATENTS

Lichtwardt, M.A., D. Sisneros, "Automated Chemical Metering System and Method," US Patent Number 5,902,749, 1997

Lichtwardt, M.A., D.M. Williams, "Solar-Powered Direct Current Electrodialysis Reversal System," US Patent Pending (1997)

Murphy, A.P., "Method of Selectively Removing Selenium Ions from an Aqueous Solution," US Patent Number 4,806,264, 1989

Murphy, A.P., "Chemical Process for the Denitrification of Water," US Patent Number 5,069,800, 1992

Murphy, A.P., "Removal of Organoselenium Compounds and Selenate from Water," US Patent Number 5,089,141, 1992

Murphy, A.P., "Chemical Process for the Catalytic Oxidation of Formaldehyde and Other Organic Compounds," US Patent Number 5,244,581, 1993

Murphy, A.P., M.K. Price, "A Disposable Device for the Delivery of an Accurate and Filtered Liquid Sample," US Patent Pending (1994)

Murphy, A.P., "Method for the Safe Preservation of Aqueous Samples with Acid or Base," US Patent Number 5,322,800, 1994

Murphy, A.P., "Temperature Checking Device," US Patent Number 5,404,834, 1995

Murphy, A.P., "Chemical Process for Removing Organometallic Compounds from Water," US Patent Number 5,454,311, 1995

Murphy, A.P., L.H. Henthorne, "Instant, Chemical-Free Dechlorination of Water Supplies," US Patent Number 5,603,844, 1997

Murphy, A.P., C.D. Moody, "Chemical Water Treatment for Nitrate Removal," US Patent Number 5,616,252, 1998

Murphy, A.P., R.L. Riley, S. Irvine, "Treatment of Gas Supersaturated Water," US Patent Pending (1998)

Murphy, A.P., C.D. Moody, L.R. Henthorne, "Water Denitrification Process Using Air Stripping," US Patent Number 5,863,444, 1999

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PROCEEDINGS

Benko, K., "Standardized Reverse Osmosis Membrane Testing Procedure and Performance Parameter Evaluation," Proceedings of the North American Membrane Society Annual Conference, June 2005.

Benko, K., "Membrane Applications at the Bureau of Reclamation for Disaster Relief and Wastewater Reuse ," Proceedings of the North American Membrane Society Annual Conference, May 2006.

Chapman Wilbert, M., "Experiences with the Bureau of Reclamation Mobile Water Treatment Pilot Plant," Proceedings of the 1995 Thirteenth Annual Membrane Technology/Separations Planning Conference, October 1995

Henthorne, L.H., S.J. Hightower, W.J. Boegli, "Summary of Accomplishments of the Bureau of Reclamation's Water Treatment Technology Program," Proceedings of the 1994 American Desalting Association Conference, West Palm Beach, FL, 1994

Henthorne, L.H., "Long Term Storage of Reverse Osmosis Membranes in Three Biocides," Proceedings of the 1996 American Desalting Association Conference, Monterey, CA, 1996

Henthorne, L.H., A. Hassan, A. Jamaluddin, "Storage of Thin Film Reverse Osmosis Membranes in Three Biocides," Proceedings of the 1997 American Water Works Membrane Conference, New Orleans, LA, 1997

Jong, H.T., L.H. Rowley, "Arsenic Removal at the Lidgerwood Water Treatment Plant," Proceedings from EPA Conference on Hazardous Waste Sites, Dallas, TX, May 1991

Jorgensen, E., "Enhanced Evaporation System (EES) Testing Results," Proceedings of the 2006 El Paso Desalination Conference, El Paso, TX, March 2006.

Jorgensen, E., "Membrane Concentrate Disposal using Enhanced Evaporation (EES)," Proceedings of the American Membrane Technology Association Technology Transfer Workshop, Atlanta, GA, May 2006.

Lichtwardt, M.A., H.E. Remmers, "PV-Powered Water Treatment for Remote Communities," Technology 2004 Conference, 1994

Lichtwardt, M.A., "Advanced Solar Pond Liner Technologies," Fall Meeting of American Physical Society, Lubbock TX, 1995

Lichtwardt, M.A., H.E. Remmers, "Water Treatment Using Solar-Powered Electrodialysis Reversal," Proceedings of the Mediterranean Conference on Renewable Energy Sources for Water Production, Santorini, Greece, June 1996

Moody, C.D., A.P Murphy, B.G. Ralston, R.A. Hulsey, G.M. Hyde, "Bureau of Reclamation Results for Removing Selenate from Agricultural Drainage Waters, in Toxic Substances in Agricultural Water Supply and Drainage: Searching for Solutions," J.B. Summers and S.S. Anderson, eds., U.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, Denver, pp. 49-64, 1988

Moody, C.D., A.P. Murphy, "Selenium Removal With Ferrous Hydroxide: Identification of Competing and Interfering Solutes, in Toxic Substances in Agricultural Water Supply and Drainage: An International Environmental Perspective," J.B. Summers and S.S. Anderson, eds., International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, Ottawa, Canada, pp. 231-46, 1989

Moody, C.D., A.P. Murphy, "Selenium Removal With Ferrous Hydroxide: Effect of Lime and pH in Controlling Toxic Substances in Aqricultural Drainage: Emerging Technologies and Research Needs," T.E. Backstrom and L.J. Reid, eds., U.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, Denver, pp. 111-29, 1989

Price, M.K., "Seminar/Workshop: Emerging Desalting and Water Treatment Technologies for Water Resources Management," Bureau of Reclamation, Yuma, AZ, 1989

Price, M.K., L.A. Haugseth, T.E. Backstrom, "Results of the Bureau of Reclamation's 1989 Desalting Workshop on Research Needs," 1990 Biennial Conference Proceedings, National Water Supply Improvement Association, pp. 65-74, 1990

Rowley, L.H., "The Efficacy of 11 Biocides for Reverse Osmosis Membrane Disinfection," Proceedings from the ASM Conference on Water Quality in the Western Hemisphere, April 1993

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REPORTS

Abart, E.M., R.J. Eisenhauer, S. Hunt, F.B. Leitz, S.M. Nelson, R.A. Roline, "Leadville Mine Drainage Tunnel Effluent Effects on the Arkansas River, 1965-92," USBR Technical Report R-95-10, September 1995

Abart, E.M., N.L. Nelson, S.M. Nelson, R.A. Roline, J. Yahnke, "Improvements to the Upper Arkansas River Attributable to Operation of the Leadville Mine Drainage Tunnel Treatment Plant," USBR Technical Report R-96-06, September 1996

Abart, E.M., "Demonstration of Chilled Chloramine Storage Impact on Reverse Osmosis Membrane Performance", Bureau of Reclamation, Water Treatment Engineering & Research Group, July 1995 (Phase II, October 1996)

Boegli, W.J., M.M. Dahl, H.E. Remmers, "Preliminary Study of Solar Ponds for Salinity Control in the Colorado River Basin," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-82-19, December 1982

Boegli, W.J., M.M. Dahl, H.E. Remmers, "Southwest Region Solar Pond Study for Three Sites - Tularosa Basin, Malaga Bend, and Canadian River," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-83-17, August 1984

Boegli, W.J., "Study of the Potential for Using Liquid Carbon Dioxide for Freshwater Production at Aquatrain Coal Transport Pipeline Terminus Sites," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-84-19, September 1984

Boegli, W.J., A.P. Murphy, M.K. Price, "Oxidation of Formaldehyde Solutions Used for the Preservation of Reverse Osmosis Membranes," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-84-8, December 1984

Boegli, W.J., A.P. Murphy, "Pilot Plant Studies of Two Processes for Oxidation of Aqueous Sulfide - Paradox Valley Unit, Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Project," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-84-18, October 1985

Boegli, W.J., C.D. Moody, A.P. Murphy, L.H. Rowley, "Oxidation of Formaldehyde Solutions Used for the Preservation of Reverse Osmosis Membranes - Phase II," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-87-13, December 1987

Boegli, W.J., "Impact on Water Quality from the In-place Lining of the Coachella Canal," Bureau of Reclamation, Division of Research and Laboratory Services Memorandum Report, 1988

Boegli, W., E. Abart, L. Herbranson, R. Jurenka, L. Rowley, P. Welker, "Wellhead Treatment Study - Final Report," Bureau of Reclamation, jointly published by the Denver Office and the Lower Colorado Regional, April 1992

Kaakinen, J.W., M.K. Price, "Effects of Chlorine, Organic Solutes, and High pH Cleaning on Reverse Osmosis Membranes for the Yuma Desalting Plant," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-94-1, July, 1994

Lichtwardt, M.A., "Las Nutrias Groundwater Contamination Study Project," Water Operation and Maintenance, Bulletin No. 165, September 1993

Lichtwardt, M.A., "Alternate Biocide Study: Phase VI - Compatibility of Biocides with RO System Components," Bureau of Reclamation, Water Treatment Engineering & Research Group, November 1995

Price, M.K., "Chilled Chlorine Storage Testing of Reverse Osmosis Membranes - Phase I," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-93-1, April, 1993

Rowley, L.H., "Selenium Pretreatment Study," USBR Technical Report REC-ERC-91-01, February 1991

Sisneros, D., M.A. Lichtwardt, T. Greene, "Low-Dose Metering of Endothall for Aquatic Plant Control in Flowing Water," USBR Technical Memorandum No. 8220-98-13, October 1998

"F.E. Warren Air Force Base Feasibility Study for Operable Unit 1," jointly published by the US Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO and the US Geological Survey, Cheyenne, WY, September 7, 1993

"Worldwide Desalination Research and Technology Survey," The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sultanate of Oman, pp. 3-1 - 3-13 (History of Desalination), April, 1994