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Bibliography—


R Through Z

  • Radtke, D.B., and Kepner, W.G., 1990, Environmental contaminants in the lower Colorado River Valley, Arizona, California, and Nevada: in Symposium proceedings, Survival in the desert--Water quality and quantity issues into the 1990's--adaption to current realities; Arizona Hydrological Society, 21 pages.

  • Radtke, D.B., Kepner, W.G., and Effertz, R.J., 1988.Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the lower Colorado River Valley, Arizona, California, and Nevada, 1986-87 (abs): U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4002, 77 p.


  • Ramirez, P., Jr., and Dickerson, K., 1999, Monitoring of selenium concentrations in biota from the Kendrick Reclamation Project, Natrona County, Wyoming, 1992-1996. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Cheyenne, WY, Contaminant Report Number: R6/714C/99, 16pp.


  • Ramirez, P., Jr., and Dickerson, K., 1997, Follow-up investigation of selenium and other trace elements in biota from the Riverton Reclamation Project, Fremont County, Wyoming: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Cheyenne, Wyoming, Contaminant Report Number: R6/709C/97, Project # 94-6-6W23, 20 p.


  • Ramirez, P., Jr., Jennings, M., and Dickerson, K., 1994b, Selenium in fish and the aquatic bird food chain, Kendrick Reclamation Project, Natrona County, Wyoming: in Marston, R.A., And Hasfurther, V.R., eds., Effects of human-induced changes on hydrologic systems, Am. Water Resources Assoc., Proceedings of the 1994 Summer Symposium, Jackson, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994, p. 1043-1053.

  • Ramirez, P., Jr., Jennings, M., and Dickerson, K., 1994a, A comparison of trace element concentrations in biota from four irrigation projects in Wyoming: (abs.) in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 15th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of the technical sessions, Denver, Colorado, October 30-November 3, 1994, p. 293.

  • Ramirez, P., Jr., Allen, G.T., Malloy, J., 1993, Selenium in aquatic birds nesting in the Kendrick Reclamation Project, Natrona Co., Wyoming: Apparent impacts from irrigation drainwater: in Planning, rehabilitation, and treatment of disturbed lands, 6th Billings Symposium, Billings, Montana, Reclamation Res. Unit Pub. No. 9301. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. March 21-27, 1993, p. 152-159.

  • Ramirez, P., Jr., and Armstrong, J.A., 1992, Selenium in aquatic birds inhabiting the Kendrick Reclamation project, Wyoming: Apparent impacts from irrigation drainwater: (abs.) In Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 13th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of the technical sessions, Cincinnati, OH, November 8-12, 1992, p. 1.


  • Rinella, F.A., Mullins, W.H., and Schuler, C.A., 1994, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Owyhee and Vale Projects, Oregon and Idaho, 1990-91: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93-4156, 101 p.


  • Rinella, F.A., and Schuler, C.A., 1992, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Harney County, Oregon, 1988-89: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4085, 106 p.


  • Roddy, W.R., Greene, E.A., and Sowards, C.L., 1991, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Belle Fourche Reclamation Project, western South Dakota 1988-89: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 90-4192, 113 p.


  • Rowe, T.G., Lico, M.S., Hallock, R.J., Maest, A.S., Hoffman, R.J., 1991, Physical, chemical, and biological data for detailed study of irrigation drainage in and near Stillwater, Fernley, and Humboldt Wildlife Management areas and Carson Lake, west-Central Nevada, 1987-89: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-185, 199 p.


  • Rowe, T.G., 1990, Mercury and selenium concentrations in surface water, bottom sediment, and biota, Stillwater Wildlife Management Area and vicinity, Churchill County, Nevada: (abs.) in Nevada Decision Point--Which Water Course to the Future?: Annual Conference, Nevada Water Resources Association, Las Vegas, Nev., February 1990, Program Information and Abstracts, unpaginated.

  • Rowe, T.G., and Hoffman, R.J., 1990, Wildlife kills in Carson Sink, western Nevada, winter of 1986-87: in Moody, D.W., Chase, E.B., and Aronson, D.A., compilers, National Water Summary 1987--Hydrologic events and water supply and demand: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2350, p. 37-40.


  • Rowe, T.G., 1989, Mercury and selenium concentrations in surface water, bottom sediment, and biota, Stillwater Wildlife Management Area and vicinity, Churchill County, Nevada: (abs.) In Pederson, G.L., and Smith, M.M., compilers, U.S. Geological Survey Second National Symposium on Water Quality, Abstracts of the technical sessions, Orlando, Florida, November 16-19, 1989: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-409, p. 80.


  • Rowland, R.C., Allen, D.V., Stephens, D.W., Yahnke, J.W., Darnall, N.L., Waddell, B., 2002, Hydrologic, Sediment, and Biological Data Associated with Irrigation Drainage in the Middle Green River Basin, Utah and Colorado, Water Years 1991-2000, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 02-343, p. 112.


  • Roy, R. and O'Brien, T., 1992, Bioaccumulation of selenium in wetland biota associated with irrigation drainage, San Juan River Basin, New Mexico: (abs.) in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 13th Annual meeting, Abstracts of the technical sessions, Cincinnati, OH, November 8-12, 1992, p. 2.


  • Sando, S.K., Williamson, J.E., Dickerson, K.K., Wesolowski, E.A., Irrigation Drainage Studies of the Angostura Reclamation Unit and the Belle Fourche Reclamation Project, Western South Dakota: Results of 1994 Sampling and Comparisons with 1988 Data, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4103, 65 p.


  • Schaefer, S.W., Shineman, A., Yahnke, J., and Miller, J., 1996, Estimating trace element concentrations in irrigation return flows: in Proceeding, 6th Drainage Workshop on Drainage and the Environment, International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage , Ljubljana, Slovenia, April 21-29, 1996, p. 47-54.

  • Schroeder, R.A., Orem, H.O., and Kharaka, Y.K., 2002, Chemical evolution of the Salton Sea, California: nutrient and selenium dynamics: The Salton Sea, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Hydrobiologia 473: 23-45. p. 23.


  • Schroeder, R.A., and Anders, Robert, 1997, An assessment of chemical contaminants in the New River and environmental implications for the Salton Sea, California: American Water Resources Association, 33rd Annual Meeting, Long Beach, California, October 19-23, 1997, 1 p.

  • Schroeder, R.A., 1996, Transferability of environmental assessments in the Salton Sea basin, California, and other irrigated areas in the western United States to the Aral Sea basin, Uzbekistan, in Micklin, P.P., and Williams, W.D., ed., The Aral Sea Basin: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop "Critical Scientific Issues of the Aral Sea Basin: State of Knowledge and Future Research Needs," Tashkent, Uzbekistan, May 2-5, 1994: NATO ASI Series, Partnership Sub-Series, 2. Environment--v. 12, Springer-Verlag, p. 121-137.

  • Schroeder, R.A., Anders, R., and Fay, R.G., 1995, Binational chemical-quality assessment of the Lower Colorado and New Rivers: American Water Resources Association, 31st Annual Meeting, Houston, November 5-9, 1995, 1 p.

  • Schroeder, R.A., 1994, A study of toxins in irrigation drainage throughout the western United States, including the Salton Sea Area, California: Discussion documents, NATO, Division of Scientific and Environmental Affairs, Advanced Research Workshop on Critical Issues of the Aral Sea Region, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, May 2-5, 1994, 12 p.

  • Schroeder, R.A., Rivera, M., and others, 1993, Physical, chemical, and biological data for detailed study of irrigation drainage in the Salton Sea area, California, 1988-90: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-83, 179 p.


  • Schroeder, R.A., Setmire, J.G., and Densmore, J.N., 1991, Use of stable isotopes, tritium, soluble salts, and redox-sensitive elements to distinguish ground water from irrigation water in the Salton Sea basin, in Ritter, W.F., ed., Proceedings of the 1991 National Conference: Irrigation and Drainage Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 22-26, 1991, p. 524-530.

  • Schroeder, R.A., Palawski, D.U., and Skorupa, J.P., 1989, Selected toxic trace-element and pesticide concentrations in water, sediment, and biota, from the southern Tulare Lake area near Kern National Wildlife Refuge, California, in Howard, A.Q., ed., Selenium in Agricultural Drainage: Implications for San Francisco Bay and the California Environment: Proceedings of the Fourth Selenium Symposium, Berkeley, California, March 21, 1987, p. 142-162.

  • Schroeder, R.A., Setmire, J.G., and Densmore, J.N., 1989, Controls on drainwater composition in the Imperial Valley, California: (abs.) in Pederson, G.L., and Smith, M.M., compilers, U.S. Geological Survey Second National Symposium on Water Quality: Abstracts of the Technical Sessions, Orlando, Florida, November 12-17, 1989, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-409, p. 85.


  • Schroeder, R.A., Palawski, D.U., and Skorupa, J.P., 1988, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Tulare Lake Bed area, southern San Joaquin Valley, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4001, 86 p.


  • Schroeder, R.A., Setmire, T.G., and Wolfe, J.C., 1988, Trace elements and pesticides in Salton Sea area, California: in proceedings on Planning Now for Irrigation and Drainage, IR Div/ASCE, Lincoln, Nebraska, July 18-21, 1988, p. 700-707.

  • Schroeder, R.A., and Palawski, D.U., 1987, Preliminary survey of selected toxic trace-element and pesticide concentrations in water, sediment, and biota near the southern Tulare Lake Bed: 1986-87 Department of the Interior Irrigation Drainage Program: Selenium IV Symposium, University of California (Berkeley), March 21, 1987, 3 p.

  • Schwarzbach, S.E., and Bennett, J.K., 1992, fish and wildlife at the Klamath Basin National Wildlife Refuges: (abs.) in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 13th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of the technical sessions, Cincinnati, OH, November 8-12, 1992, p. 3.

  • See, R.B., Peterson, D.A., Crock, J.G., Erdman, J.A., and Severson, R.C., 1994, Detailed study of selenium in soil, representative plants, water, and bottom sediment in the Kendrick Reclamation Project Area, Wyoming, 1988-90: (abs.) in Marston, R.A., and Hasfurther, V.R., eds., Effects of Human-induced Changes on Hydrologic Systems, Am Water Resources Assoc., Proceedings of the Summer Symposium, Jackson, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994, p. 1067.


  • See, R.B., Naftz, D.G., and Qualls, C.L., 1992, GIS-assisted regression analysis to identify sources of selenium in streams: Water Resources Bulletin, vol. 28, No. 2, p. 315-330.


  • See, R.B., Peterson, D.A., and Ramirez, P. Jr., 1992, Physical, chemical, and biological data for detailed study of irrigation drainage in the Kendrick Reclamation Project Area, Wyoming, 1988-90: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-533, 272 p.


  • See, R.B., Naftz, D.L., Peterson, D.A., Crock, J.G., Erdman, J.A., Severson, R.C., Ramirez, P., Jr., and Armstrong, J.A., 1992, Detailed study of selenium in soil, representative plants, water, bottom sediment, and biota in the Kendrick Reclamation Project area, Wyoming, 1988-90: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 91-4131, 142 p.


  • Sefchick, J.A., Bennett, J.K., and Schwarzbach, S.E., 1993, Aquatic community degradation in wetlands of the Klamath basin: (abs.) in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of the technical sessions, Houston, Texas, November 14-18, 1993, p. 263.


  • Seiler, R.L.; Skorupa, J.P.; Naftz, D.L.; Nolan, B.T., 2003, Irrigation-Induced Contamination of Water, Sediment, and Biota in the Western United States-Synthesis of Data from the National Irrigation Water Quality Program. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1655, p. 123


  • Seiler, R.L. and Skorupa, J.P., 2001, National Irrigation Water Quality Program Data-Synthesis Data Base, USGS Open-File Report 00-513.


  • Seiler, R.L., 1999, Methods to Identify Areas Susceptible to Irrigation-Induced Selenium Contamination in the Western United States, USGS Fact Sheet FS-038-97.


  • Seiler, R.L., 1998, Prediction of Lands Susceptible to Irrigation-Induced Selenium Contamination of Water, in Frankenberger, W.T., and Engberg, R.A., Environmental Chemistry of Selenium, pp. 397-418. Marcel Dekker, New York.

  • Seiler, R.L., and Tuttle, P.L., 1997, Field Verification Study of Water Quality, Bottom Sediment, and Biota Associated with Irrigation Drainage in and near Humboldt Wildlife Management Area, Churchill and Pershing Counties, Nevada, 1996. USGS Open-File Report 97-586, 38 p.

  • Seiler, R.L., 1997, Synthesis of Data from Studies by the National Irrigation Water-Quality Program, Water Resources Bulletin, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1233-1245.

  • Seiler, R.L., Skorupa, J.P., and Peltz, L.A., 1997, Areas Susceptible to Irrigation-Induced Selenium Contamination of Water and Biota in the Western United States, USGS Circular 1180, 36 p.


  • Seiler, R.L., 1997, Methods to identify areas susceptible to irrigation-induced selenium contamination in the western United States: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 038-97, 4 p


  • Seiler, R.L. and Engberg, R.A., 1997, Identification of U.S. Department of the Interior lands at risk for selenium contamination: in Iskander, I.K., Hardy, S.E., Chang, A.C., and Pierzynski, G.M., eds., Proceedings of extended abstracts from the Fourth International conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements: Berkeley, California, June 23-26, 1997, p. 211-212.

  • Seiler, R.L., 1996, Synthesis of data from studies by the National Irrigation Water-Quality Program: J. Am. Water Res. Assoc., V. 32, No. 6, December 1996, p. 1233-1245.

  • Seiler, R.L., 1995, Prediction of areas where irrigation drainage may induce selenium contamination of water: Journal of Environmental Quality, vol., 24, no. 5, September-October 1995, p. 973-979.


  • Seiler, R.L., 1994, Synthesis of data from the U.S. Department of the Interior irrigation drainage studies, western United States: (abs.) in Effects of human-induced changes on hydrologic systems, Am. Water Resources Assoc., Proceedings of the 1994 Summer Symposium, Jackson, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994, p. 1167.


  • Seiler, R.L., 1994, Synthesis of data from studies of the national irrigation water quality program: (abs.) Proceedings, National Symposium on Water Quality, Am. Water Resources Assoc., Chicago, Illinois, November 1994, p. 285.

  • Seiler, R.L., Ekechukwu, G.A., and Hallock, R.J., 1993, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in and near Humboldt Wildlife Management area, Churchill and Pershing Counties, Nevada, 1990-91: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93-4072, 115 p.


  • Setmire, J.G., Hurlbert, A., and Roberts, C., 1999, Selenium in Water, Sediment, and Transplanted Corbicula in Irrigation Drainage and Wildlife Use of Drains in the Imperial Valley, California 1994-1995, 92 p.


  • Setmire, J.G., and Schroeder, R.A., 1998, Selenium and salinity concerns in the Salton Sea area of California, in Frankenberger, W.T., Jr, and Engberg, R.A., ed., Environmental Chemistry of Selenium: Marcel Dekkar, Inc., Chapter 12, p. 205-221.

  • Setmire, J.G., Schroeder, R.A., Densmore, J.N., Goodbred, S.L., Audet, D.J. and Radke, W.R., 1993, Detailed study of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Salton Sea area, California, 1988-90: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93- 4014, 102 p.


  • Setmire, J.G., Schroeder, R.A., and Densmore, J.N., 1990, Shallow drainwater chemistry in the Salton Sea area, Imperial County, California: Selenium V Symposium, University of California (Berkeley), March 30-31, 1990, 2 p.

  • Setmire, J.G., Wolfe, J.C., and Stroud, R.K., 1990, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Salton Sea area, California, 1986-87: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 89-4102, 60 p.


  • Severson, R.C., Stewart, K.C., and Harms, T.F., 1991, Partitioning of elements between two sediment size fractions in samples from nineteen areas of the western United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-381, 18 p.


  • Severson, R.C., Crock, J.G., and Erdman, J.A., 1989, Lateral and depth variability in chemical composition of soil at the Kendrick Reclamation Project Area, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-470, 27 p.


  • Severson, R.C., Erdman, J.A., Crock, J.G., and Harms, T.F., 1989, Listing of geochemical data and assessment of variability for plants and soils at the Kendrick Reclamation Project Area, Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-652, 62 p.


  • Severson, R.C., Wilson, S.A., and McNeal, J.M., 1987, Analysis of bottom material collected at nine areas in the western United States for the DOI irrigation drainage task group: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-490, 24 p.


  • Skorupa, J.P., 1998. Selenium poisoning of fish and wildlife in nature: Lessons from twelve real-world examples. In Environmental Chemistry of Selenium (W. T. Frankenberger and R. A. Engberg, Eds.), pages 315-354. Marcel Dekker, New York.

  • Skorupa, J.P., and Seiler, R.L., 1995, Implications of biological sensitivity to selenium for managing irrigation project: (abs.) in water resources and environmental hazards: emphasis on hydrologic and cultural insight in the Pacific rim: Asbstacts, American Water Resources Association Annual Summer Symposium, Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, June 25-28, 1995, p. 64.

  • Skorupa, J.P., 1994, Biological results of the National Irrigation Water Quality Program: Was Kesterson Reservoir a wake-up call?: (abs.) in Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 15th Annual Meeting, Abstracts of the Technical Sessions, Denver, Colorado, October 30-November 3, 1994, p. 75.

  • Sorenson, S.K., and Schwarzbach, S.E., 1991, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Klamath Basin, California and Oregon, 1988-89: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 90-4203, 64. p.


  • Sorenson, S.K., and Schwarzbach, S.E., 1989, Department of Interior Irrigation Drainage Program reconnaissance study of Klamath Basin refuge areas, California and Oregon: (abs.) in Pederson, G.L., and Smith, M.M. compilers, U.S. Geological Survey Second National Symposium on Water Quality: Abstracts of the Technical Sessions, Orlando, Florida, November 12-17, 1989; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-409, p. 94.


  • Steinberg, N.A., and Oremland, R.S., 1990, Dissimilatory selenate reduction potentials in a diversity of sediment types: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 56, No. 11, p. 3550-3557.

  • Stephens, D.W., Waddell, B., 1998, Selenium sources and effects on biota in the Green River Basin of Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah: pp. 183-203 in Frankenberger, W. T., Jr. and Engberg, R.A, eds., Environmental chemistry of selenium, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.

  • Stephens, D.W., and Waddell, B., 1998, Field screening of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation on the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation, eastern Utah, 1995: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4161, 44 p.

  • Stephens, D.W., Waddell, B., DuBois, K. and Peterson, E., 1996, Field screening of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with the Emery and Scofield Project Areas, Central Utah, 1994: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96- 4298, 40 p.

  • Stephens, D.W., 1994. Selenium in bottom sediment from ponds at Ouray National Wildlife Refuge, 1991, 1994. Draft Report. U.S. Geological Survey, Salt Lake City, UT. 7 pages.

  • Stephens, D.W., 1994, Effects and remediation of irrigation drainage in the western United States: Bioconcentration of selenium in bottom sediment and cattails at Stewart Lake Waterfowl Management Area, Utah, (abs.) in Marston, R.A., and Hasfurther, V.R., eds., Effects of Human-induced Changes on Hydrologic Systems, Am. Water Resources Assoc., Proceedings of the 1994 Summer Symposium, Jackson, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994, p. 1068.


  • Stephens, D.W., Waddell, B., Peitz, L.A., and Miller, J.B., 1992, Detailed study of selenium and selected elements in water, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Middle Green River basin, Utah, 1988-90: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4084, 164 pages.


  • Stephens, D.W., and Waddell, B., 1992, Selenium contamination of waterfowl areas in Utah and options for management: in Robarts, R.D., and Bothwell, M.L. eds., Aquatic systems in semi-arid regions: implications for resource management. 1992: N.H.R.I. Symposium Series 7, Environment Canada, Saskatoon, p. 301-311.


  • Stephens, D.W., Waddell, B., and Miller, J.B., 1991, Sources, sinks, and effects of selenium at Stewart Lake Waterfowl Management area, Jensen, Utah: (abs.) in Mallard, G.E., and Aronson, D.A. compilers, U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substance Hydrology Program: Abstracts of the Technical meeting, Monterey, California, March 11-15, 1991; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-88, p. 50.


  • Stephens, D.W., and Waddell, B., 1989, Selenium contamination from irrigation drainage in the western United States with emphasis on Utah: in Geology and hydrology of hazardous-waste, mining-waste, waste-water, and repository sites in Utah: Utah Geological Association Publication 17, pp. 165-181.


  • Stephens, D.W., Waddell, B., and Miller, J.B., 1988. Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Middle Green River Basin, Utah, 1986-87: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 88-4011, 70 pages.


  • Stephens, D.W., Waddell, B., and Miller, J.B., 1988, Irrigation drainage: Green River Basin, Utah: in proceedings on Planning now for Irrigation and Drainage: IR Div/ASCE Lincoln, Nebraska, July 18-21, 1988, p. 686-693.


  • Stewart, K.C., Crock, J.G., and Severson, R.C., 1993, Chemical results and variability assessment of selected water-extractable constituents from soils of the Uncompahgre area, west-central Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-507, 27 p.


  • Stewart, K.C., Fey, D.L., Hageman, P.L., Kennedy, K.R., Love, A.H., McGregor, R.E.,, Papp, C.S.E., Peacock, T.R., Shorkey, J.D., Vaughn, R.B., and Welsch, E.P., 1992, Results of chemical analysis for sediments from Department of the Interior Irrigation Water Quality Program studies, 1988-1990: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-443, 38 p.

  • Stewart, K.C., Wilson, S.A., and Severson, R.C., 1989, Total and water extractable boron in sediments from nine sites of the western United States: U.S. Geological Survey. Open-File Report 89-145, 13 p.


  • Stewart, K.C., Wilson, S.A., and Severson, R.C., 1987, The determination of water-soluble boron at nine irrigation study sites in the western United States: (abs.) in Proceedings 29th Rocky Mountain Conf. on Anal. Chem., Denver, CO; Aug. 1-6, 1987.

  • Sylvester, M.A., Deason, J.P., Feltz, H.R., and Engberg, R.A., 1991, Preliminary results of the Department of the Interior's irrigation drainage studies: in Severson, R.C., Fisher, S.E., Jr., and Gough, L.P., eds., Proceedings of the 1990 Billings Land Reclamation Symposium on Selenium in Arid and Semiarid Environments, western United States, Billings, Montana, March 25-30, 1990; U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1064, p. 115-122.


  • Sylvester, M.A., Deason, J.P., Feltz, H.R., and Engberg, R.A., 1988, Preliminary results of the Department of the Interior's irrigation drainage studies: in proceedings on Planning now for Irrigation and Drainage, IR DIV/ASCE, Lincoln, Nebraska, July 18-21, 1988, p. 665-677.

  • Sylvester, M.A., and Wilbur, W.G., 1986, Selenium and agricultural drainage: in proceedings of the third Selenium Symposium, March 15, 1986, Berkeley, California, p.129-134.

  • Tadayon, S., King K.A., Andrews, B.J., and Roberts, W.P., 1995, Field Screening of Water Quality, Bottom Sediment, and Biota Associated with Irrigation Drainage in the Yuma Valley, Arizona, 1995: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4236, 42 p.

  • Thodal, C.E., and Tuttle, P.L., 1996, Field screening of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in and near Walker River Indian Reservation, Nevada, 1994-95: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 96- 4214, 39 p.

  • Thomas, C.L., Lusk, J.D., Bristol, R.S., Wilson, R.M., and Shineman, A.R., 1998. Detailed study of selenium and selected constituents in water, bottom sediment, soil, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the San Juan River area, New Mexico, 1991-95. Open-File Report 98-4213. U.S. Geological Survey, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Thomas, C.L., Lusk, J.D., Bristol, R.S., Wilson, R.M., and Shineman, A.R., 1997. Physical, chemical, and biological data for detailed study of irrigation drainage in the San Juan River area, New Mexico, 1993-94, with supplemental data, 1991-95. Open-File Report 97-249. U.S. Geological Survey, Albuquerque, NM.

  • Thomas, C.L., 1994, Reconnaissance and detailed studies of water and sediment quality associated with irrigation projects of the San Juan River area, New Mexico: (abs.) in Marston, R.A. and Hasfurther, V.R., eds., Effects of human-induced changes on hydrologic systems, American Water Resources Association, Proceedings of the 1994 Summer Symposium, Jackson, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994, p. 1069.


  • Thomas, J.M., Welch, A.H., Lico, M.S., Hughes, J.L., and Whitney, R., 1993, Radio nuclides in ground water of the Carson River basin, western Nevada and eastern California, U.S.A.: Applied Geochemistry, vol. 8, p. 447-471.


  • Thompson, S.P., and Hallock, R.J., 1989, Preliminary biotic studies at Stillwater Wildlife Management Area: in Howard, A.Q., ed., Selenium and agricultural drainage-- Implications for San Francisco Bay and the California environment: Fourth Selenium Symposium, Berkeley, California, March 1987, Proceedings, p. 169-172.

  • Tidball, R.R., Briggs, P.H., Crock, J.G., Kennedy, K.R., Stewart, K.C., Vaughn, B., and Welsch, E.P., 1990, Analysis of soil samples from the Fernley area--Churchill, Lyon, and Washoe Counties, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-85, 11 p.


  • Tuttle, P.L., Hoffman, R.J., Wiemeyer, S.N., and Miesner, J.F., 2000, Monitoring of Inorganic Contaminants Associated with Irrigation Drainage in Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge and Carson Lake, West-Central Nevada, 1994-96: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4173, 61 p.


  • Tuttle, P.L. and Thodal, C.E., 1998, Field Screening of Water Quality, Bottom Sediment, and Biota Associated with Irrigation in and Near the Indian Lakes area, Stillwater Wildlife Management area, Churchill County, West-Central Nevada, 1995: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4250, 57 p.

  • Tuttle, P.L., Janik, C.A., and Wiemeyer, S.N., 1996, Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Wetland Contaminant monitoring: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region One, Nevada State Office, Regional Study ID: 93-1C02A, 67 p. plus appendix.

  • Waddell, B., and May T., 1995, Selenium concentration in the razorback sucker (Xyrauchen Texanus): substitution of non-lethal muscle plugs for muscle tissue in contaminant assessment: Archives of Environmental Contaminations and Toxicology, vol. 28, p. 321-326.

  • Wells, F.C., Jackson, G.A., and Rogers, W.J., 1988, Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the lower Rio Grande Valley and Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge, Texas, 1986-87: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4277, 89 p.


  • Welsh, D., and Olson, M.M., 1991, A pre-reconnaissance investigation of trace elements and organic contaminants in biota and sediments at Fort Clark and Heart Butte Irrigation units: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bismarck, N.D., Contaminant Report Number R6/105K/91, 15 p.

  • Wiemeyer, S.N., and Hoffman, D.J., 1996, Reproduction in eastern screech-owls fed selenium: journal Wildlife Management, vol. 60, no. 2, p. 332-341.

  • Wright, W.G., 1995, Nitrogen fertilizer as an oxidizing agent mobilizing trace constituents from soil: (abs.) in Water resources and environmental hazards: emphasis on hydrologic and cultural insight in the Pacific rim: Abstracts, American Water Resources Association, Annual Summer Symposium, Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, June 25-28, 1995, p. 72.

  • Wright, W.G., 1994, Oxidation and mobilization of selenium by nitrate-a preliminary evaluation, (abs.) in Marston, R.A. and Hasfurther, V.R., eds., Effects of human-induced changes on hydrologic systems, Am. Water Resources Assoc., Proceedings of the 1994 Summer Symposium, Jackson, Wyoming, June 26-29, 1994, p. 1070.


  • Wright, W.G., and McMahon, P.B., 1994, The effects of nitrate on the oxidation and mobilization of selenium: (abs.) in American Geophysical Union, 1994 Spring Meeting abstract supplement, Baltimore, MD, May 23-27, 1994, P. 158.


  • Wright, W.G., and Butler, D.L., 1993, Distribution and mobilization of dissolved selenium in ground water of the irrigated Grand and Uncompahgre Valleys, western Colorado: in Allen, R.G., and Neale, C.M.U., eds., Management of irrigation and drainage systems: integrated perspectives: American Society of Civil Engineers, Proceedings of the 1993 National Conference on Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Park City, Utah, July 21-23, 1993, p. 770-777.


  • Wright, W.G., Butler, D.L., Wolny, D.G. and Fukui, L.M., 1992, Factors affecting distribution of dissolved selenium in the Mancos shale and associated alluvium in the irrigated Grand and Uncompahgre Valleys, western Colorado: (abs.) in Abstracts of the Symposium on the Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation, American Chemical Society 204th National Meeting, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper No. 96.

  • Yahnke, J.W., 2002, Stewart Lake Waterfowl Management Area: Report on the 2001 Pre-and Post-Flood Sediment Samples, NIWQP, Bureau of Reclamation, Technical Service Center, 119 p.

  • Yahnke, J.W., 2001, Stewart Lake Waterfowl Management Area: Selenium in Stewart Lake Sediments During December 2000 with Comparisons to Previous Data, NIWQP, Bureau of Reclamation, Technical Service Center, 60 p.

  • Zhang, Y.Q., and Moore, J.N., 1997d, Potential methods of remediation of selenium contamination Stewart Lake, Utah: University of Montana, Department of Geology, Missoula, Montana, 39 p.

  • Zhang, Y.Q., and Moore, J.N., 1997c, Environmental conditions controlling selenium volitization from a wetland system. Environ. Sci. Tech., vol. 31, p. 511-517.

  • Zhang, Y.Q., and Moore, J.N., 1997b, Changes in selenium speciation in a wetland sediment induced by laboratory drying: Commun. Soil SCI Plant. Anal. vol. 28 (3-5), p. 341-350.

  • Zhang, Y.Q., and Moore, J.N., 1997a, Biogeochemical cycling of selenium in Benton Lake, Montana: University of Montana, Department of Geology, Missoula, Montana, 189p.

  • Zhang, Y.Q., and Moore J.N., 1996, Selenium fractionation and speciation in a wetland system: Environ. SCI Tech., vol. 30, No. 8, p. 2613-2619.

  • Zylstra, S.J., and Smith, S.B., 1992, Overview of irrigation drainwater techniques, impacts of fish and wildlife resources, and management options: Division of Environmental Contaminants, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, VA, 82 p.

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