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Native Aquatic Species of the Gila River Basin
in Arizona and New Mexico

Status of Gila River Basin Native Fishes
Table 2. Nonnative Aquatic Species

Partial list of established nonnative fishes in the Gila River basin.

Distribution acronyms are W = widespread, L = localized, R = rare. Trend acronyms are E = expanding distribution, S = stable distribution, R = recently introduced, trend uncertain.

Species
Status
 
Distribution
Trend
Fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas
W
E
Goldfish, Carassius auratus
L
S
Grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella
L
S
Common carp, Cyprinus carpio
W
E
Red shiner, Cyprinella lutrensis
W
E
Bigmouth buffalo, Ictiobus cyprinellus
L
S
Black buffalo, Ictiobus niger
R
 
Smallmouth buffalo, Ictiobus bubalus
R
 
Largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides
W
S
Smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieu
W
E
Bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus
W
E
Redear sunfish, Lepomis microlophus
W
S
Green sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus
W
E
Black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus
W
S
White crappie, Pomoxis annularis
L
S
Black bullhead, Ameiurus melas
W
E
 
Yellow bullhead, Ameiurus natalis
W
E
Flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris
W
E
Channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus
W
E
Mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis
W
E
Sailfin molly, Poecilia latipinna
L
S
Guppy, Lesbistes reticulatus
L
S
Walleye, Stizostedian vitreum
L
S
Yellow perch, Perca flavescens
R
 
Threadfin shad, Dorosoma petenense
W
S
African cichlids, Tilapia and Oreochromis spp.
L
E
Yellow bass, Morone mississippiensis
L
S
Striped bass, Morone saxatilis
L
E
White bass, Morone chrysops
L
E
Northern pike, Esox lucius
L
R
Arctic grayli, Thymallus arcticus1
L
S
Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss1
W
S
Brown trout, Salmo trutta
W
S
Brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis
W
S
Gizzard shad, Dorosoma cepedianum
L
R
Inland silverside, Menidia beryllina
L
E
Pacu, Colossoma macropomum ?
R
R

1 Routinely stocked.
[Nonnative Species Impact]   [Status of Species: Table 1]  



Last Reviewed:
June 25, 2009

Webmaster:
Joseph J. Billerbeck - jbillerbeck@usbr.gov