Bureau of Reclamation Lower Colorado Region Banner
Reclamation Home              Regional Offices              Newsroom              Library              Projects & Facilities
Phoenix Area Office

Native Aquatic Species of the Gila River Basin
in Arizona and New Mexico

Status of Gila River Basin Native Fishes
Table 1. Native Aquatic Species

Historical distributions, known extirpated populations, known occupied streams, and recommended replication sites for federal or state listed fishes of the Gila River basin, excluding trouts.

T=threatened, E=endangered, S=State listed, Ex=Extinct, PE=proposed endangered. Parentheticals denote major subdrainage affiliations, question marks denote uncertain status.

Species Historical Distribution Known Extirpated Populations Known Occupied Streams (exclusive of restoration sites)
Cyprinodon arcuatus
(Ex)
Santa Cruz (Monkey Spring) pupfish
Low elevation streams, springs, cienegas, backwaters, and margins of larger rivers in the Santa Cruz River basin
Santa Cruz River
Monkey Spring (Santa Cruz)
Sonoita Creek (Santa Cruz)
Species is extinct
Cyprinodon macularius
(E)
Desert pupfish
Low elevation streams, springs, cienegas, backwaters, and margins of larger rivers in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Agua Fria River
Gila River
Hassayampa River
Salt River
San Pedro
River Verde River
Gila River basin populations extirpated
Gila elegans
(E)
Bonytail chub
Low-intermediate elevation mainstem reaches of the Gila and Salt rivers Gila River
Salt River
Gila River basin populations extirpated
Gila intermedia
(PE)
Gila chub
Upper reaches of small-middle sized streams of the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins Agua Fria River (Gila)
Queen/Arnett creeks (Gila)
San Simon River (Gila)
Cave Creek/Seven Springs (Salt)
Fish Creek (Salt)
San Pedro River
Binghampton Pond (San Pedro)
Garden Canyon (San Pedro)
Turkey Creek (San Pedro)
Santa Cruz River
Monkey Spring (Santa Cruz)
Big Chino Wash (Verde)
Indian Creek (Agua Fria)
Larry Creek (Agua Fria)
Little Sycamore Creek (Agua Fria)
Lousy Canyon (Agua Fria)
Silver Creek (Agua Fria)
Sycamore Creek (Agua Fria)
Bonita Creek (Gila)
Eagle/East Eagle Creek (Gila)
Mineral Creek/Devil's Canyon (Gila)
Turkey Creek, NM (Gila)
San Carlos River
Blue River (San Carlos)
Dix Creek (San Francisco)
Harden Cienega (San Francisco)
San Pedro River, Mexico
Babocomari River (San Pedro)
Hot Springs/Bass Canyon (San Pedro)
Los Fresnos River, Mexico (San Pedro)
O'Donnell Creek (San Pedro)
Post/Freeman canyons (San Pedro)
Redfield Canyon (San Pedro)
Cienega Creek (Santa Cruz)
Empire Gulch (Santa Cruz)
Mattie Canyon (Santa Cruz)
Sabino Canyon (Santa Cruz)
Sheehy Spring (Santa Cruz)
Red Tank Draw (Verde)
Spring Creek (Verde)
Walker Creek (Verde)
Williamson Valley Wash (Verde)
Gila nigra
(S)
Headwater chub
Middle to headwater reaches of middle-sized tributary streams in the Verde, Tonto, San Carlos, and upper Gila River (NM) subbasins Beaver Creek (E Fk Gila River)
Taylor Creek (E Fk Gila River)
Christopher Creek (Tonto)
Horton Creek (Tonto)
Sharp Creek (Tonto)
Rye Creek (Tonto)
Dry Beaver Creek (Wet Beaver)
Gila River, upper
San Carlos River
Ash Creek (San Carlos)
Tonto Creek
Buzzard Roost (Tonto)
Gordon Creek (Tonto)
Gunn Creek (Tonto)
Haigler Creek (Tonto)
Marsh Creek (Tonto)
Rock Creek (Tonto)
Spring Creek (Tonto)
Deadman Creek (Verde)
East Verde River (Verde)
Fossil Creek (Verde)
Webber Creek (Verde)
Wet Bottom Creek (Verde)
Gila robusta
(S)
Roundtail chub
Middle-sized to larger streams of the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Boneyard Creek (E Fk Black)
Gila River, middle reach (AZ)
Salt River, upper reach
San Francisco River (Gila)
Blue River (San Francisco)
San Pedro River
N Fk White River (White) ?
Gila River, upper
Eagle Creek (Gila)
Salt River, lower reach
Salt River Project canals
Black River (Salt)
Canyon Creek (Salt)
Carrizzo Creek (Salt)
Cedar Creek (Salt)
Cherry Creek (Salt)
Cibeque Creek (Salt)
Corduroy Creek (Salt)
Salome Creek (Salt)
White River (Salt) ?
Aravaipa Creek and tributaries (San Pedro)
Verde River
Fossil Creek (Verde)
West Clear Creek (Verde)
Wet Beaver Creek (Verde)
Meda fulgida
(T)
Spikedace
Low-intermediate elevation streams in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Agua Fria River
Salt River
San Francisco River
San Pedro River, US and Mexico
Eagle Creek (Gila)
Gila River, Middle Fork
Gila River, West Fork
Gila River, East Fork
Gila River, middle reach (AZ)
Mangus Creek (Gila)
Aravaipa Creek (San Pedro)
Verde River
Plagopterus argentissimus
(E)
Woundfin
Low elevation streams in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Gila River
Salt River
Verde River
Gila River basin populations extirpated
Poeciliopsis occidentalis
(E)
Gila topminnow
Low-intermediate elevation streams, springs, cienegas, backwaters, and margins of larger rivers in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins Gila River
Ash Creek, North Fork (Gila)
Salt Creek (Gila)
San Simon River (Gila)
San Carlos River (Gila)
Salt River
Tonto Creek (Salt)
Frisco Hot Spring (San Francisco)
San Pedro River
Arivaca Creek (San Pedro)
Cocio Wash (Santa Cruz)
Potrero Creek (Santa Cruz)
Sabino Canyon (Santa Cruz)
Sheehy Spring (Santa Cruz)
Tanque Verde Creek (Santa Cruz)
Verde River
Other unnamed waters
Bylas Springs (Gila)
Santa Cruz River, upper reach (US and Mexico)
Cienega Creek (Santa Cruz)
Cottonwood Spring (Santa Cruz)
Monkey Spring (Santa Cruz)
Sharp Spring (Santa Cruz)
Sonita Creek complex (Santa Cruz)
  • Redrock Canyon

  • Fresno Canyon

  • Coal Mine Canyon

  • Sonoita Creek
  • Ptychocheilus lucius
    (E)
    Colorado pikeminnow
    Low-intermediate elevation streams in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Gila River
    Salt River
    San Pedro River
    Verde River
    Gila River basin populations extirpated
    Tiaroga cobitis
    (T)
    Loach minnow
    Low-high elevation streams in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Gila River (AZ portion)
    Salt River
    San Pedro River, US and Mexico
    Verde River
    Aravaipa Creek and tributaries (San Pedro)
    Black River, North Fork of East Fork (Salt)
    Blue River, and tributaries (San Francisco)
    Eagle Creek (Gila)
    Gila River, Middle Fork
    Gila River, West Fork
    Gila River, East Fork
    San Francisco River and NM tributaries
    White River, North Fork (Salt)
    White River (Salt)
    White River, East Fork (Salt)
    Xyrauchen texanus
    (E)
    Razorback sucker
    Low-intermediate elevation streams in the Gila River basin, including all major subbasins except the Santa Cruz River basin Gila River
    Salt River
    San Pedro River
    Verde River
    Gila River basin populations extirpated

    [Nonnative Species Impact ]   [Status of Species: Table 2]  


    Last Reviewed:
    June 25, 2009

    Webmaster:
    Joseph J. Billerbeck - jbillerbeck@usbr.gov